Migration has become a key issue in today’s globalised world, both for host countries and countries of origin. Policy makers are nowadays expected to implement new policies in order to protect the rights of migrants, to promote their integration in the society while safeguarding cultural diversity. To face these challenges, governments and international organisations need detailed information and research. The idea of a collection of Best Practices in international migration is based on the observation that carefully documented cases studies can provide inspiration for policy making and planning.
What is a Best Practice?
A 'best' or 'good' practice can be defined as a creative and sustainable practice that provide effective response based on the idea of direct knowledge utilisation, which can have potentials for replication as “inspirational guideline” and contribute to policy development.
Best Practices are defined as successful initiatives which :
- Have a demonstrable effect and tangible impact on improving people’s quality of life;
- Are the result of effective partnership between the public, private, and civic sectors of society;
- Are socially, culturally, economically and environmentally sustainable.
Any practice must be adapted to the political, historic, cultural, social and economic context of the society in question. Best Practices on management of migration also have the following characteristics (they need to meet one or more of the mentioned criteria but they do not need to meet them all) :
- They are innovative: a best practice has developed new and creative solutions to common problems;
- They make a difference: it creates a positive and tangible impact on migrants’ life worlds;
- They have a sustainable effect: the result of the practice should be sustainable;
- They have the potential for replication: a best practice can serve as an inspiration to generate policies and initiative elsewhere.
Overall goal of UNESCO’s International Migration Best Practices project
The Best Practices project aims at promoting the human rights of migrants by providing examples of good initiatives that can improve migrants' situations. These should be related to the following themes:
- fight against irregular and exploitative migration;
- promotion of brain-gain (as opposed to brain drain);
- promotion of human rights of migrants;
- and improvement of the balance between cultural diversity and societal integration of migrants.
To achieve these goals and purposes, the project will contact networks that will gather a collection of Best Practices in International Migration with a particular focus on certain priority themes, develop regional networks for analysis and evaluation of Best Practices, and finally, disseminate Best Practices to policy-makers at a local, national and regional level. Different institutions work in co-operation on the Best Practices Project, like the Asia-Pacific Migration Research Network (APMRN) established by UNESCO, the European Research Centre on Migration & Ethnic Relations (ERCOMER) ) hosted in Utrecht University, the International Metropolis Project, The International Migration and Ethnic Relations research group hosted in Bergen University, and the Centre for Research in International Migration (CEIFO) in Stockholm University.Back to top