Gender Inclusion

Attention to gender is particularly significant in view of the feminization of migration. Gender equality and empowerment of women as well as the active participation of women in political, economic, social and cultural life should be promoted. For women to be able to fully exercise their human rights, gender perspectives have to be mainstreamed in all inclusive urban policies.

It is widely recognized that the causes and consequences of international migration differ for men and women depending on gender relations and gender stratification in both the mother and host societies. Norms and values in most societies are still far from being gender neutral and the status of women in general is not yet equal to that of men. International migration often brings to the fore the different ways in which gender differentially determines outcomes for men and women. (United Nations General Assembly, 2006)

What can be done?
A way forward is to scrutinize programs and policies through a gender lens, to challenge gender discrimination and to implement and promote gender equal measures through gender mainstreaming. Gender mainstreaming is the deliberate consideration of gender in all stages of program and policy planning, implementation and evaluation, with a view to incorporate the impacts of gender at all levels of decision making.

Example of good practice

“Women at Work: the KVINFO Mentor Network”, Denmark
The KVINFO network of women professionals has developed a mentoring program involving 4,000 women which pairs women refugees and migrants with “well-established members of Danish society”. The KVINFO approach is firmly anchored in the feminist values of mutual recognition, flat interpersonal power structures and rigorous commitment to openness and inclusion that reflect the organization’s background. Mentors and mentees meet approximately once a month and together both parties draw up a contract and set specific goals to be met within a defined period of time, from 6 to 12 months. KVINFO staff actively tracks the progress of the relationship against the goals stated under the contract, stepping in to offer assistance or supplementary resources when needed. (

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