Underground Water Seminar
Organisers: UNESCO Office in Uzbekistan and Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan
Participants: Representatives of Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, Members of Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, UNESCO representative in Uzbekistan , Mr Jorge Ivan Espinal, UNESCO Programme Officer for Sciences , Mr Alexander Osipov, representatives of scientific and education organizations, professors, students.
Date and venue: 13 October, 2011, Shodlik Palace, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Water is essential for life. No living being on planet Earth can survive without it. It is a prerequisite for human health and well-being as well as for the preservation of the environment. However, 800 millions of persons over the world do not have access to a source of safe drinking water. Beyond meeting basic human needs, water supply is critical to ensure a sustainable development. Yet in many regions around the world, people and economies continue to suffer from its extremes.
Given the magnitude of the challenges ahead, in December 2003, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the period 2005-2015 International Decade for Action ‘Water for Life’. The primary goal of the 'Water for Life' Decade is to promote efforts to fulfil international commitments made on water and water-related issues by 2015. The challenge of the Decade is to focus attention on action-oriented activities and policies that ensure the long-term sustainable management of water resources, in terms of both quantity and quality, and include measures to improve sanitation.
The seminar, organized by ecological movement of Uzbekistan with support of UNESCO representatives on the subject “The contribution of science and education to the prospects of sustainable use of groundwater of Uzbekistan” was held on October 13, 2011 in a “Shodlik Palace” hotel. Deputies of Legislative chamber of Oliy Majlis, scholars, research officers of Institute of Geological sciences and geologic engineering, representatives of other scientific-educational institutions, international organizations, ecological movement of Uzbekistan and mass media took part in the work of the seminar.
<b> Outputs </b>
The main purpose of the seminar was to give an general idea of current state of ground water in Uzbekistan, scientific-educational activities and the area of usage of underground water and determination of future trends relating to improvement of research methods and educational approaches with development of practical recommendations.
The participants discussed about the importance of groundwater in global ecological cycle . The groundwater, being valuable natural resource comes to 95% of fresh water reserve. It is the source of water-supply of agricultural and everyday needs. In present-day conditions of man’s impact on natural ecosystems, concerned with water and earth pollution, the investigation of groundwater is particularly of much importance in an effort to work out measures for providing a sustainable use of water resources, especially in those regions where the lack of it is highly felt. Thereby there appears a great necessity in further perfection of methods of water resources study. It is necessary to have a steady rising of potential for improvement of integrated control of underground water on national and international levels. At the same time, the matters of providing with cooperation of science with practice in the field of usage of underground water become more important.
Underground water is the integral part of water resources in Uzbekistan and is used for human needs, industry and irrigation. Intensive development of agriculture and industry may become a reason of deterioration of underground water in various regions in the absence of water-protective measures which can prevent its pollution.
In arid regions, in places feeling a need for the lack of water, underground water resources are often the only source of fresh water. The importance of underground water for supporting business and ecological systems is assume along with all contradictory aspects. The priority importance is attributed to underground sources as the basis for irreplaceable resource for supplying people with water.
During the seminar there were some issues discussed of further development and international cooperation focusing on strengthening of scientific-research hydrology potential with application of up-to-date methods of study. Also there are handled matters of strengthening of partners interrelation between scientific-research and educational institutions and NGOs in the area of preservation of valuable underground water resources.
Furthermore, the participants of seminar gave practical suggestions for improvement of scientific-research and educational potential of investigation and usage of underground water with an adoption of information and communication technologies, including geographical information system and present-day simulation methods and forecasting approach. Also there was provided guidance on sustainable use of underground water for agricultural, industrial and water needs due to contemporary terms of change of environment.
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