Uzbekistan: media legislation in the focus of the international conference.
Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis (Parliament) of Uzbekistan, the OSCE, National Association of Electronic Media, National TV and Radio Company, with support of the UNESCO, organized an international conference on TV broadcasting in Uzbekistan on 23-24 October 2012 in Samarkand. The conference brought together more than 40 local and international experts on the technical and legal issues in broadcasting from the CIS, Europe and Asia.
<b>Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis (Parliament) of Uzbekistan, the OSCE, National Association of Electronic Media, National TV and Radio Company, with support of the UNESCO, organized an international conference on TV broadcasting in Uzbekistan on 23-24 October 2012 in Samarkand. The conference brought together more than 40 local and international experts on the technical and legal issues in broadcasting from the CIS, Europe and Asia.</b>
Speaking at the opening of the conference, Ms Krista Pikkat, OIC of the UNESCO Tashkent Office, highlighted the importance of freedom of expression and press freedom for dialogue, democracy and development, as well as the vital role of independent and pluralistic media in this regard.
Speaking about UNESCO’s technical advice provided in the framework of the development of the new media laws of Uzbekistan, Ms Pikkat welcomed the organization of the conference as an “important milestone in the harmonization of national laws with international standards, in making sure that Uzbekistan has a clear and specific legislative framework in place that allows the media to exercise its crucial democratic functions. UNESCO is pleased to participate in, and contribute to, this process.”
Draft of the new media law on “TV broadcasting” were reviewed and widely discussed by the national and foreign experts at the first conference session: “Organizational-legal mechanisms of regulation of TV and radio broadcasting sphere: national and foreign experience» and recommendations for further improvement of it against international legal standards were sounded in presence of MP’s from Oliy Majlis (Parliament) responsible for the development of this law.
Particularly, experts welcomed national initiative to develop brand new media law based on international recommendations and noted it as an important step to create favorable legal environment conducive for FOE and access to information. Participation of non-governmental mass-media sector, civil society organizations together with governmental institutions was positively marked and noted as an example of inclusive law-making. However, involvement of an academic sector for further deliberations was recommended as an important condition. Clear definition of terms and articles of the law, to avoid ambiguity, was iterated. The same time overregulation was mentioned as one of the main obstacles in many laws around the world.
Another brand new law in pipeline “On transparency of state institutions to the mass-media” was welcomed as another effective legal instrument to exercise right for access to information which certainly will improve good governance practice and civil society participation in decision-making in the near future.
Regulations and important issues in the field of digital TV / radio broadcasting and the new technologies development were discussed at other sessions of the conference. Advance of technologies and software over the capacity of media professionals were stressed by majority of participants, and concerned government institutions were recommended to continue strengthening pre- and in-service journalism education and training using leading international tools.
UNESCO’s long-term accumulated experience and knowledge were recognized as leading by high government officials.
Particularly, MIL curriculum for teachers (<a href="http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/media-and-information-literacy-curriculum-for-teachers/" target="_new">http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/media-and-information-literacy-curriculum-for-teachers/</a>) and Model Curricula for Journalism Education (<a href="http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/model-curricula-for-journalism-education" target="_new">http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/resources/publications-and-communication-materials/publications/full-list/model-curricula-for-journalism-education/</a>) were mentioned as effective tool for advance to the journalism excellence aiming more quality programming at the field of mass-media.
UNESCO stands ready to provide technical advice for development of legislative frameworks conducive to freedom of expression and freedom of information.
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