Evaluation of UNESCO’s Programme for the Inclusion of Children from Various Marginalized Groups within Formal Education Programmes
July 2004 - In July 1994, the World Conference on Special Needs Education: Access and Quality (held in Salamanca, Spain) adopted the principle of “inclusive education”. UNESCO was mandated to undertake a number of tasks in order to support the development of inclusive education (IE).
The unit for Special Needs Education was gradually transformed into an IE unit at UNESCO Headquarters. In addition to the work of this unit, staff in the UNESCO regional bureaux, cluster and national offices carry out IE activities and have responsibility for promoting IE. One aspect of the mandate arising from Salamanca was to mobilize funds from donors to undertake an Inclusive Schools and Community Support (IS&CS programme, “which would enable the launching of pilot projects that showcase new approaches for dissemination”, and to develop “indicators concerning the need for and provision of special needs education” (UNESCO, 1995, p. 12). UNESCO’s IE initiatives since 1994 have included capacitybuilding via workshops, seminars, partnerships and networks; the development and dissemination of training materials and publications; and the development of policy guidelines with case studies as examples of good practice to be followed.
a copy of the evaluation report in portable document format (pdf/308KB).