Together we have the power to protect the Ocean
World Ocean Day is a time to celebrate our common treasure, which makes the Earth habitable for people by providing and regulating the climate, weather, oxygen, food and many other environmental, social and economic benefits. The lungs of our planet, providing most of the oxygen we breathe, the ocean is also a major source of food and medicines and a critical part of the biosphere. The ‘blue economy’ of the ocean is central to our daily lives: at least one in four persons relies on sea food as their primary source of protein.
Oceans are a resource unlike any other, for they make everything else possible. Their immense biological diversity contributes to the beauty of the world, and we must join forces to preserve it.
Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General, on the occasion of World Oceans Day 2013
Marine and coastal resources and industries represent more than 5% of global GDP and 90% of the world’s trade is carried by shipping. With technological progress, economic activities in coastal zones and deeper waters continue to intensify and to diversify.
Yet our ocean and its resources are deteriorating and depleting as it faces increasing pressure from various types of pollution and over-exploitation. Maintaining the quality of life that the ocean has provided to humankind while sustaining the integrity of ocean ecosystems, requires changes in how we view, manage, govern and use ocean resources and coastal areas.
Rising to the challenge
The importance of the ocean is not matched by our knowledge, the fact remains that it is still relatively unexplored. The formulation of sustainable, ecosystem-based policies and measures for oceans and coasts needs to be supported by science including research and observations. For over 50 years, UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission has been promoting international cooperation and coordinating research, services and capacity-building to find out more about the oceans and coastal areas and to generate knowledge to improve the sustainable management and protection of the marine environment. It has also been providing an evidence base for the decision making process of its Member States.
The coordination of the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) has led impressive progress in world scientific cooperation. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) is a global platform for sharing information and data on marine biodiversity. As a result of the establishment and coordination of tsunami warning systems, ties of solidarity have been woven among States, and people are less vulnerable to ocean hazards.
The protection of this global common calls for collective action. We can each make a difference, by understanding the issues and focusing on sustainable solutions that we can apply to our lives.
- Capacity Development
- Ocean Observation and Services
- Ocean Sciences
- Tsunami Programme
- Ocean Biogreographic information System (OBIS)
- World Heritage Marine Programme
- Over 1,000 new species found in Heritage Sites
Océans grandeur nature
Nat Geo Wild France is celebrating World Oceans Day in partnership with UNESCO and Pierre-Yves Cousteau with special programming and outreach throughout the month of June.
- More information (in French)
Facts and Figures
Our ocean covers over 70% of the globe. To date only a little over 1% of the ocean is protected.
An estimated 50-80% of all life on earth is found under the ocean surface and the oceans contain 99% of the living space on the planet. Less than 10% of that space has been explored by humans.
Tiny marine plants called phytoplankton release half of all oxygen in the atmosphere through photosynthesis.
The oceans account for 96% of all the water on the surface of the Earth, the remainder being freshwater, in the form of rivers, lakes and ice.
The ocean absorbs approximately 25% of the CO2 added to the atmosphere from human activities each year, greatly reducing the impact of this greenhouse gas on the climate.
Total carbon deposits in coastal systems such as such as mangroves, salt marshes and seagrass meadows may be up to five times the carbon stored in tropical forests.