World Science Day for Peace and Development
Established by UNESCO in 2001, World Science Day for Peace and Development is celebrated worldwide on 10 November each year. The Day is an occasion to recall UNESCO's mandate and commitment to science.
This annual event was instigated as follow-up to the World Conference on Science, organized jointly by UNESCO and the International Council on Science in Budapest (Hungary) in 1999. The Day offers an opportunity to reaffirm each year our commitment to attaining the goals proclaimed in one of the twin documents adopted by the World Conference on Science: the Declaration on Science and the Use of Scientific Knowledge and to follow up the recommendations contained in the Conference’s Science Agenda: Framework for Action.
World Science Day for Peace and Development has also generated projects fostering scientific cooperation between scientists living in regions marred by conflict. One example is the the creation of the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization (IPSO).
The World Science Forum marks World Science Day in odd years.
The rationale behind celebrating World Science Day each year is rooted in the need for a new social contract for science, one which acknowledges the importance of the role science and scientists play in creating sustainable societies and which ensures that citizens are kept informed of developments in science and empowered to participate in science. In this sense, World Science Day helps to show the general public why science is relevant to their daily lives and engage them in debate on related issues.
Since its inception, World Science Day has also generated concrete projects and built bridges between science and society. Partners such as UNESCO's National Commissions, intergovernmental and non-governmental organisations, scientific research institutions, professional associations, the media, science teachers and schools have been involved in celebrating World Science Day each year, thereby contributing to its success. At governmental level, several ministries have announced a fresh commitment to raising spending on science; others have used the Day to launch a new science policy programme involving scientific institutions, civil society, universities and schools.