Opening ceremony, UNESCO Paris, 20 January 2014

Mikhail Kovalchuk, Director of the Kurchatov Institute and Chair of the National Russian Crystallography Committee

 Crystallography in the Russian Federation

Mikhail Kovalchuk
Director of the Kurchatov Institute and Chair of the National Russian Crystallography Committee

ABSTRACT

The 20th century was the age of ordered materials: crystals, high-ordered structures and X-ray diffraction as a method for studying and monitoring them.

Currently, we pass to irregular and disordered materials – hybrid and biomaterials first, which are constructed as a rule using convergent nano-, bio-, info- and cognitive (NBIC) sciences and technologies.

Modern crystallography is mostly based on megascience installations, such as synchrotron radiation and neutron sources. Future possibilities for a new crystallography given by an X-ray free electron laser and fourth generation synchrotron radiation will transform classical 3D crystallography into 4D crystallography (+ timedimension) and open up the way for X-ray holography.

In this context, crystallography, with its interdisciplinary essence, offers a methodological base for the development of convergent sciences in the 21st century.

PRESENTATION

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