Mainstreaming Environmental Governance: Linking Local and National Action in BiH
Joint programme designed to address and overcome the significant barriers faced in effectively delivering environmental services and management at the local level in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).
UNDP Bosnia and Herzegovina (updated 17/08/2010):
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) is renowned for its natural beauty, biodiversity and ecology, but this is being damaged through a lack of environmental management and effective delivery of environmental services. The proposed joint programme is designed to address and overcome the significant barriers faced in effectively delivering environmental services and management at the local level in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).
This requires a multi-level approach integrating responsive local government, improved local delivery, and national level process development. Key to driving forward the delivery of MDGs in BiH will be two funding windows, one supporting the implementation of Local Environmental Action Plan priority projects at local level, and a second providing assistance for innovative proposals that link environmental management and poverty reduction, and provide lessons to inform further policy development at national level.
These funding mechanisms will take into consideration the work done in this field so far by others and will align its functioning with other initiatives by the World Bank and EC, providing parallel co-financing and further enhancing the innovation potential of the programme. The proposed Programme is to be jointly implemented by FAO, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO and UNV, and will address and overcome barriers to delivering environmental services and management at the local level in BiH. Interventions centre around providing capacity and support for developing Local Environmental Action Plans for 30 municipalities (a legal requirement and the sole planning tool for local environmental implementation), providing seed funding/co-financing for implementing local environmental management and service delivery priorities, raising the awareness and national level support for environmental action through an environmental innovation fund, and developing effective systems for capturing environmental data.
The joint programme will support and improve local management of environmental resources and service delivery through improving local level environmental governance and developing replicable models for local level environmental planning. The experiences and knowledge base generated will inform and support national level planning and policy development. This will help secure the achievement of MDGs 1, 6, 7 and 8 in BiH . The proposed programme offers an innovative approach to strengthening the capacities for mainstreaming environment issues into policy planning, resource management and service delivery in BiH, reviving the environment sector which is critically stagnant and threatens to become one of the most serious obstacles on the country’s road to European integration.
The programme highlights the links between environment and poverty, in a country with a highly inequitable growth pattern, with an approach based on the principles of social inclusion, a cross cutting issue that is a concern of all the UN agencies in the country. Social inclusion sharpens the MDG framework in the context of EU pre-accession countries such as BiH. Design and implementation has and will involve the participation and partnership of central and local government, demonstrated by their commitment to co-finance various activities.
The UN agencies involved in this proposal will bring their specific technical and management skills to the Programme. The budget for the programme is $5,500,000 and implementation will be over three years
- Improve local level environmental planning; Achievements and Expected Results
1.1 Effective local level participatory environmental planning mechanisms strengthened.
1.2 Cross-cutting environmental governance methodology integrated into local participatory planning processes.
1.3 Strengthened capacity of 30 municipalities for environmental programming and planning.
1.4 Thirty (30) Local Environmental Action Plans defined and agreed by municipal stakeholders.
2.1 Improved management of environmental resources in 30 municipalities.
2.2 Priority actions identified in LEAPs addressed in 30 municipalities.
2.3 Improved environmental, energy, water and sanitation services in 30 municipalities for the poor
3.1 Documentation of the legal and institutional background for environmental governance at entity and state level.
3.2 Reliable environmental indicators (linked with poverty reduction) to inform entity and state policy development.
3.3 Increased public access to environmental information.
3.4 Expanded access to environmental finance.
3.5 Capacity development for greater implementation of environmental governance actions demonstrating innovation, poverty reduction and social inclusion approaches and addressing the achievement of MDG 6, 7 and 8 through improved service delivery.
3.6 Lessons and best practices from effective delivery documented and used to inform policy development.