World Science Day 2010 video interviews are on You Tube
Six questions related to Science were asked to a number of speakers (professors, experts from the European Commission and the Italian scientific community) invited on the occasion of the celebration of the World Science Day 2010 held on 10 November at Palazzo Zorzi in Venice.
- Are international networks making a difference in science?
Dr Robert Burmanjer, Head of Unit D-3: Specific International Cooperation Actions, European Commission replies that “the European Commission invests quite a number of funds in international research networks. The scope is to get better policy dialogue with different regions in the world. As to the Mediterranean and wider Balkan areas, over time - at least in the last few years - we have seen a very good level of engagement of both, local scientists and policy makers.” Watch [duration 1:30]
- Is science diplomacy effective for building a peaceful world?
Prof Maurizio Martellini, Secretary General, Landau Network-Centro Volta, Como explains that “science diplomacy is an effective bridge/link to culture and, in particular, to reduce the mistrust. This is the key issue. Science diplomacy is an instrument, so-called second track in diplomacy to connect people.” Watch [duration 0:25]
- Are GMO (genetically modified organisms) a concern for humanity and which are the challenges of biotechnology?
Prof Michele Morgante, University of Udine replies that “GMO are first an opportunity and secondly a concern. As any new technology it needs to be carefully examined, to be evaluated for possible consequences, socially, economically and ecologically.” Watch [duration 1:32]
- In which scientific fields will women play a leading role?
Prof Giuseppe Pellegrini - University of Padua tells us that “women are usually involved in university courses, particularly in the fields of health and welfare. Young researchers prefer to work in groups and are very attracted to relevant issues. In Europe there are fewer women researchers than in other countries, like for example, in South America or in East Europe.” Watch [duration 0:48]
- How can we avoid the “brain drain” of the new generations?
Prof Federico Neresini - University of Padua explains that “data available for this problem shows that we are faced with very diverse situations among different countries around the world. The data coming from Rose research project, science education research project, showed that in the less developed countries (LDC) young people are very interested in science and in scientific careers and professions. Instead in more developed countries (MDC), young people seem to be less interested in these fields.” Watch [duration 1:34]
- How does biodiversity and internet interact?
Prof Pier Luigi Nimis, University of Trieste affirms that “in the past the main problem was finding information on organisms, animals and plants was difficult. One had to go to a library and get books; they were difficult to find and read. Today, it is much easier. If you know the name of an organism, a plant, or an animal search on Google and an enormous amount of related information will be found.” Watch [duration 2:24]