Delivering as One
Launched in 2006, the “One UN” pilot initiative is being formally tested in eight countries to see how the United Nations family – with its numerous and diverse agencies – can deliver results in a more coordinated fashion at the country level.
The objective is to ensure faster and more effective development operations and accelerate progress to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally-agreed sustainable development goals – in short, a UN development system that delivers more and better for the poorest and most disadvantaged.
“Delivering as One” (DaO) is based upon the four pillars of “oneness”: having One Programme jointly signed between the UN and the host government; One Leader and Team via the UN Resident Coordinator and the UN Country Team; One Budgetary Framework to monitor the UN expenditures and fund-raising within the country; and One Office, sharing the same premises to cut on costs and foster inter-agency cooperation.
DaO has brought together partner countries, donors and UN country teams with fresh energy, momentum and a greater sense of common purpose. By strongly encouraging the eight pilot country teams— Albania, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rwanda, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay and Viet Nam – to implement reforms and by giving them broad latitude to innovate and experiment with ways of working together as one UN team, the DaO initiative has tested a number of different ways of working together differently.
The eight pilot countries as well as any other countries that became “self-starters” regularly participate to a series of high-level intergovernmental conferences on Delivering as One, to discuss the various challenges each country has faced and how they have elected to respond to these challenges. The last such conference was held in Tirana, Albania in June 2012.
Following a request from the Albanian Government to the United Nations, Albania was selected as one of eight countries around the world to pilot UN efforts to Deliver as One UN in January 2007. In June 2009, the Government and UN in Montenegro chose to become a “self-starter” following the Delivering as One methodology. Other countries in the region and around the world are also considering utilizing this innovative methodology and tailoring it to the needs of their specific circumstances.
The One UN Programme in Albania
The goal of the One UN Programme in Albania is to enhance development results and impact by bringing together the comparative advantages of the UN system within a single strategic programme. The One UN Programme builds on the UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) 2006–2010, agreed between the Government of Albania and UN agencies. Under the One UN, impact and development effectiveness will be improved in 5 priority areas; the core principles of gender equality and development of national capacity will be upheld and incorporated throughout the implementation of the Programme.
The pilot One UN Programme was implemented 2007-2011, engaged 14 UN Agencies and consisted of five key thematic areas:
- More transparent and accountable governance
- Greater inclusive participation in public policy and decision-making
- Increased and more equitable access to quality basic services
- Regional development to reduce regional disparities
- Environmentally sustainable development.
Following an intensive review of the pilot One UN Programme, the Government of Albania-United Nations Programme of Cooperation was launched 2012-2016, with 19 UN agencies participating, and a more focused set of four thematic areas: Governance and Rule of Law, Economy and Environment, Regional and Local development and Inclusive Social Policy. This new Programme of Cooperation also takes into greater consideration the voice and role that Civil Society plays in development.
As part of the pilot activities, a UN Coherence Fund was designed to enhance the efficiency of delivery by the United Nations system in Albania by streamlining, simplifying and increasing the harmonization and predictability of resource flows. The Fund finances the top strategic priorities of the One UN Programme, as determined jointly by the Government, the UN Resident Coordinator and participating UN Agencies. For the new Programme of Cooperation, the Coherence Fund has been further adjusted to incorporate lessons learned from the past, and now also applies performance-based criteria for resource allocation.
The Integrated UN Programme in Montenegro
The goal of the Integrated UN Programme and Budgetary Framework for Montenegro is to enhance development by combining the relative expertise and resources of various UN organizations operating in the country into one cohesive framework. It builds upon existing national strategies for development and was developed in consultation with the Government and civil society partners.
The Integrated UN Programme has 3 strategic programme pillars: Social Inclusion, Democratic Governance and Sustainable Economic Development & Environmental Protection (SEDEP). In all three areas, the core principles of human rights, gender equality and national capacity development are upheld and incorporated.
The first phase of the Integrated UN Programme ran from 2009-2011; a second phase of the Integrated UN Programme is ongoing from 2012-2013.
To complement the work of the UN in Montenegro, a UN Country Fund was established, designed to maximize the effectiveness of the UN system in Montenegro by pooling un-earmarked non-core resources into a common fund. This ensures support for top national strategic priorities, as defined by the Integrated UN Programme and Budgetary Framework.