The development of a “coffee culture” amongst the ruling elites in the 18th century and its subsequent spread into the rising middle classes during the 19th century is an important indicator of the changes in society during that period: enhancement of public spaces, democratization of personal time and space, and new models of sociability and conviviality.
This “coffee culture” acquired a different character according to whether your region was under Ottoman or Austro-Hungarian influence. The Ottomans were the first to adopt coffee drinking in the region, a habit which was thereafter transmitted to the West and gradually transformed to suit and reflect the rising modern urbanity. [more]
Bazar of Athens Colour copper engraving by Edward Dodwell, Views in Greece, London 1821, National Historical Museum, Athens, Greece The weekly market in the bazaar, or market-place of Athens, with Greeks, Turks and Albanians mingling together.
The National Coffeehouse Jager Postcard, ca.1900, National Museum of Slovenia, Ljubljana. Image of the famous Ljubljana coffeehouse furnished in the “national Slavic style”.
Service for coffee and tea National Museum of Slovenia, Ljubljana. While the aromatic Turkish coffee was served in small cups called Fildžani (Turk. Fincan), coffee in “the Viennese way” was served with cream and milk, often with dessert plates