The development of trade, technologies and modern transport and communication systems put the traditional segments of this evolving modern society in closer contact with one another, exposing them to the conditions existing outside of the region. The flow of new ideas and practices, as in the rest of Europe, was considerably enhanced.
Even before the onset of the Industrial Revolution, large quantities of goods in South East Europe were being increasingly transported to faraway lands, leading to the establishment of small ethnic-based communities in the financial hubs of the time to support their growing trade. [more]
Festive Opening of the Road over Mali Halan on the Velebit Mountain on April 4th, 1832. Gouache on paper by F[rancesco?] Arrigoni, Mali Halan, 1832, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb. The Habsburg Monarchy encouraged road construction to facilitate trade routes.
Borovnica viaduct Colour lithograph by Giovanni Varoni, Laibach and Trieste, 1857, National Museum of Slovenia, Ljubljana. This imposing bridge, one of the biggest ever made, was built in 1856 for the first railway line linking Vienna to Trieste.
Train stopped in station Photograph, 1910, The Leventis Municipal Museum of Nicosia, Cyprus. The Cyprus Government Railway was a narrow gauge network that operated from October 1905 to December 1951. It ran slow trains stopping at every village, but provided a connection of the port of Famagusta with the capital and with the copper mines of mount Troodos.
Timetable for special train of the Bulgarian Prince Ferdinand I, traveling from Sofia to Berlin, February 26, 1905 National Museum of History, Sofia, Bulgaria The Bulgarian monarch Ferdinand I was fond of making journeys on his personal train. The Royal Train was known as the “Bulgarian diplomatic ministry on wheels”.
The first car in Banja Luka Photograph, 1908, Museum of the Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Under Austro- Hungarian rule, Bosnia and Herzegovina underwent rapid modernization. This rich landowner, Smail Džinić Bey, was the owner of the first car in Banja Luka.