At regional level in Eastern and Southern Africa, a process was launched to mobilize political commitment to make good quality HIV and sexuality education, as well as youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health services available to all young people. A report Young People Today. Time to Act Now analysing the current situation and emphasising the need for coordinated action by education and health sectors was launched in October. The initiative, which involves 21 member states in the ESA region, will culminate in a meeting of ministers of education and health on 7 December 2013 in Cape Town, South Africa.
Implementation of a project to improve the sexual and reproductive health of young people by strengthening the quality and content of sexuality education in schools has started in six countries: Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. A further ten countries in the region will also benefit from regional capacity building and lesson sharing. The project addresses current gaps in sexuality education by working to build greater political commitment for the issue and by supporting the review and revision of curricula to ensure that they meet international standards and respond to the real needs of young people in each country. UNESCO will also focus its efforts on improving teacher education so that all teachers can feel confident and equipped with the appropriate information and pedagogical skills to teach this sensitive but critical subject.
In Western and Central Africa, UNESCO has been very active in developing an HIV workplace policy for the education sector and supported the development of a regional network of teachers living with HIV. In order to better understand young people and adolescents’ needs, behaviour and knowledge levels two studies have been initiated in the region. The information gathered will be analysed and findings used to improve existing and future programmes. The region also developed a set of guidelines on how to scale up peer education based on experience from the Gambia.
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
In the Ukraine, UNESCO supported the recent revision of primary and secondary school textbooks which integrated comprehensive sexuality education into the Basics of Health, an obligatory subject. It is estimated that nearly 4.6 million children will benefit from the new textbooks. In addition, an ICT-based teacher training course developed by the All-Ukrainian Association of Teachers and Trainers will be rolled-out early in 2014 to enhance capacities of teachers that deliver Basics of Health across the country.
UNESCO has supported the development of two new websites providing information on sexual and reproductive health in the region. It has also, in the past year, been working with Psychologies magazine to provide a comprehensive guide on adolescent development and sexuality for parents and future parents. The aim of the articles and booklets is to enable parents to support their children’s transition to adulthood and to enable them to make healthy and responsible choices.
Asia and the Pacific
The epidemiological context of the region has highlighted the importance of addressing the needs of young key populations, and UNESCO is working to ensure that the education sector responds to these needs. UNESCO recently launched a new resource to improve policy-making, planning and programme delivery for young key populations.
Entitled Young Key Populations at Higher Risk of HIV in Asia and the Pacific: Making the Case with Strategic Information, it provides guidance on ethical issues, how to collect and analyse data, and how to disseminate and use strategic information. UNESCO also initiated a programme to engage young people as leaders in HIV prevention and the fight to end stigma and discrimination. The programme is developing the capacity of leaders from key populations to get their voices heard and their needs met in national and regional HIV programmes. Other activities in the region include media training to reduce stigma and discrimination and the use of movies and museum exhibition to generate discussion and encourage action among young people.
For further details of UNESCO’s work in the region please visit the Bangkok website.
Latin America and the Caribbean
In Peru, UNESCO has assisted the ministry to integrate issues associated with sexuality education and personal well-being into the basic curriculum, which will have an impact on all children and young people attending schools. UNESCO is also supporting 15 Latin American countries to work together to improve comprehensive sexuality education through the Regional Community of Practice on Sexuality Education. In Latin America, UNESCO collaborated with UNAIDS, PAHO and the NGOs Vivo Positivo and Asosida to develop a Stigma and Discrimination Index and undertake a study on the barriers and the facilitators to access to health services for men-who-have-sex-with-men and transgender people.
Brazil has been very active in a South-South cooperation programme with Cape Verde. This included training teachers in Cape Verde using materials developed by UNESCO and the Brazilian ministries of health and education, setting up a distance learning course for teachers and health professional on youth, sexuality and HIV, and providing an online facilitator and organising a meeting of youth from both countries to exchange ideas and train them in edu-communications on the topics of violence prevention, HIV, STIs and health promotion.
- 下载出版物 (PDF)
Young People Today. Time to Act Now
Empowering young people to exercise their rights to education, health and citizenship
On 6-7 December 2013, education and health ministers from 21 countries in Eastern and Southern Africa will gather in Cape Town, South Africa, to agree on a political commitment on the need for sexuality education and sexual and reproductive health services in the region. These recommendations have the potential to bring about critical improvements in the education, wellbeing and life chances of millions of young people as well as the development of the region as a whole.
This ministerial meeting will be a defining moment for the HIV epidemic, for young women and a turning point in the history of how adolescents and young people are empowered to exercise their rights to education, health and citizenship.
With all the evidence pointing to the benefits that comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services can provide in a rapidly changing society, why is it so vital that the region’s health and education ministers make this commitment in December?
A recent report on the region, Young People Today. Time To Act Now, shows that while there have been encouraging gains in terms of HIV in this region – 6,3 million people are on treatment and far larger numbers of people are living longer and healthier lives - there are still 50 new HIV infections every hour among young people, with the majority occurring among young women. Less than 60% of young people in the region still don’t know basic facts on preventing HIV infection. As well as HIV, young people face many other sexual and reproductive health issues particularly early and unintended pregnancies and maternal deaths.
Addressing these issues requires bold action from ministries of health and education with support from a range of partners. The delivery of CSE from primary school onwards, by trained teachers, and access to SRH services are key components of an effective response for young people.
Ministries, civil society organisations including youth organisations and partners have been holding meetings at country level to review the evidence and provide input to the content of the ministerial commitment. UNESCO, with its partners, is committed to making sure adolescents and young people have what it takes to lead healthier and more informed lives.
- 报告下载 (PDF)
More about UNAIDS Report 2013
In 2012, an estimated:
- 35.3 million people were living with HIV.
- 2.3 million people became newly infected with HIV, down from 3.4 million in 2001.
- New HIV infections among children have declined by 52% since 2001.
- AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 30% since the peak in 2005.
UNAIDS reports that in 26 countries new HIV infections among adults and adolescents have decreased by 50% or more since 2001. However, other countries are not on track to achieve the target of halving sexual transmission by 2015, and recent surveys in some countries in sub-Saharan Africa are revealing a decrease in safer sexual behaviours. To achieve the sexual transmission target will therefore require prevention efforts to be intensified.
Inadequate access to comprehensive sexuality education, youth-friendly HIV and sexual and reproductive health services, as well as sexual violence against young women and girls are undermining efforts to protect young people from acquiring HIV. While knowledge levels remain low among young people (15–24 years) in sub-Saharan Africa (36% for young men and 28% for young women), the percentage demonstrating comprehensive and accurate understanding of HIV rose by five percentage points for men and by three for women from 2002 to 2011. Full report.
- 完整报告 (PDF)
2013年世界艾滋病日前夕，联合国教科文组织11月28日在巴黎放映短片11月28日“发生在我身上”。这部短片是由联合国教科文组织资助的，由 Chris Ihidero 导演;他是一个年轻的尼日利亚电影导演。
About the Film
Nollywood films are frequently characterized by ultra-low budget and informal distribution, such as via street vendors or on-line streaming, which enable views by large audiences.
By supporting this film, UNESCO aims to increase HIV awareness and prevention, particularly among young people in Nigeria. 10% of the people living with HIV in the world are in Nigeria, of which 23% are under the age of 24 years.
By launching this movie in Paris, UNESCO provides a rare opportunity to release a Nollywood film outside of Nigeria and West Africa and highlight the use of culturally appropriate approaches to HIV education, as the content and approach are specifically tailored to a young Nigerian audience. The film was designed to initiate discussion and enable young people to debate the issues in a franc and open fashion in their community. This gives European audiences a unique lens to view one application of culturally adapted approaches to education.
Within UNESCO, Culture is understood in its broadest definition, on the basis of the 1982 Mexico Declaration. Culture is not only the arts and creativity, but also modes of life, traditions, beliefs, perceptions of health, disease and death, family structures, gender relations, languages and means of communication, value systems and ways of living together.
We invite you to view the trailer. The film will be available online after its launch on the 28 November 2013.