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S. Schneegans, Editor
p 2 - A system for managing the planet by 2015
p 8 Health and food security focus top women researchers
p 8 Mountain climate change study gains ally in GLOCHAMORE
p 9 Stemming brain drain with the Grid in Southeast
p 10 New Chair takes science from the university to
p 10 Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization born
p 10 - Osman Benchikh on why the age of renewables has
p 13 - Saving a survival kit for the poor
p 16 -A tale of five cities
p 20 - Diary
p 20 - New releases
p 20 - Governing bodies
new space race
years, climate researchers have struggled with the fact that
temperatures in the first 11 km of the atmosphere (the troposphere)
have been rising far slower than models predict, given the
speed at which the Earth’s surface is heating. This apparent
discrepancy has fuelled sceptics’ arguments about global warming.
new study published in the 6 May edition of Nature could silence
the sceptics. According to this study, it is stratospheric
cooling (above 11 km), a known effect of greenhouse gases,
which accounts for the discrepancy. These findings result
from statistical analyses of data collected from polar-orbiting
satellites of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Sceptics may scoff but the great majority of experts today
concur that the climate is changing at an unprecedented rate
and that this change is largely driven by human activities.
We need to apply the Precautionary Principle and take immediate
remedial action, since the longer it takes us to agree on
a diagnosis of the planet’s ills and the means of remedying
these, the worse our environmental – and socio-economic –
problems will become. In some cases, the damage will be irreparable.
Biodiversity is shrinking daily, the victim of forest fires,
land-clearing, pollution and other threats. According to Brazil’s
National Space Sciences Institute, 23,750 km2 of Amazonian
rainforest were cut down in the twelve months to August 2003.
Of all the plant species we can’t even put a name to yet,
half of which are thought to grow in the Amazon, we can reasonably
assume that some disappeared forever with that section of
forest and with them the molecules for curing a whole range
of existing and emerging human diseases.
Biodiversity loss, climate change and forest destruction are
all interwoven problems. Since land, water and atmosphere
are interlocking components of a single Earth system, our
global Earth observing initiatives likewise need to be interlocking.
Scientists are already working together on urgent questions
for our future survival, such as how to increase agricultural
productivity, attenuate the impact of earthquakes, or protect
our children from atmospheric pollution. But for Earth observation
to be comprehensive, sustained and perfectly co-ordinated,
it needs political backing.
Now, it would seem, we have that political backing. In this
issue, we look at a governmental initiative to put in place
a Global Earth Observation System of Systems by 2015. Unlike
the ‘space race’ before it, this new space race is fuelled
not by Cold War politics but by a far more critical goal:
the quest to understand the planet’s life-support systems
in order to protect them – and us.
Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences