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Saturday, 26 June 1999


Afternoon: Keynote speeches

Science for the twenty-first century
José I. Vargas Brazil; President, Third World Academy of Sciences

Science in response to basic human needs 
M.S. Swaminathan India; President, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation

The scientist as global citizen 
Neal Lane USA; Assistant to the President for Science and Technology

Science and human values 
Sir Joseph Rotblat UK; Founder and former President, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs


Sunday, 27 June 1999

FORUM I Science: Achievements, Shortcomings and Challenges

Morning: Plenary session.

The nature of science 
Paul Hoyningen-Huene Germany; Director, Centre for Philosophy and Ethics of Science, University of Hannover

The universal value of fundamental science 
Miguel Virasoro Argentina; Director, Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy

The scientific approach to complex systems 
Sir Robert May UK; Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government

International cooperation in science 
Julia Marton-Lefčvre USA; Executive Director, LEAD (Leadership for Environment and Development) International, USA

Science education
Guy Ourisson France; President, Académie des Sciences

Reformation of scientific disciplines
Hiroyuki Yoshikawa Japan; President, Science Council of Japan

Executive Secretary of Forum I: Harold Mooney Secretary-General, ICSU; USA
Local Secretary: J. Demetrovics Hungarian Academy of Sciences


Afternoon: Concurrent Thematic Meetings

  1. The Nature of Science 
  2. Chair : Robert Halleux Secretary-General, IUHPS; Belgium
    Rapporteur: Paul Hoyningen-Huene Centre for Philosophy and Ethics of Science, University of Hannover, Germany

    What makes science unique in the experience of mankind ? The specificities of the scientific approach
    Maria Carla Galavotti Dipartimento di Filosofia, Universitŕ di Bologna, Italy

    How modern science was born and developed 
    Claude Debru Académie des Sciences, France

    About non-science, para-science and anti-science : a typology of ideas, attitudes and practices 
    Robert Halleux Secretary-General, IUHPS; Belgium

    Western and non-Western science: history and perspectives 
    Juan José Saldańa Facultad de Filosofía y Letras,UNAM, Mexico

    The invention of classical scientific modernity
    Roshdi Rashed
    CNRS–Université de Paris VII, France

    A new survey of the Needham Question
    Liu Dun
    Institute for the History of Natural Science, CAS, China 

    Session co-ordinator: Robert Halleux Secretary-General, IUHPS; Belgium
    Local secretary: to be determined (tbd)


  3. The Universal Value of Fundamental Science 
  4. Chair : Hubert Markl President, Max-Planck Gesellschaft, Munich, Germany
    Rapporteur: Ian Butterworth Imperial College, London, UK

    Science as a production force
    Mohammad A. Hamdan
    Secretary-General of the Higher Council for Science and Technology, Jordan

    Forging an alliance of formal and folk ecological knowledge
    Madhav Gadgil Centre for Ecological Studies, Bangalore, India

    The universal value of fundamental science: a view from the South
    Manuel Peimbert Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM, Mexico

    Catherine Brechignac Director-General, CNRS, France

    Edoardo Vesentini President, Accademia dei Lincei, Italy

    Session co-ordinator: Peter Colyer Academia Europaea; UK
    Local Secretary: F. Solymosi József Attila University, Hungary


  5. Science in Response to Basic Human Needs
  6. Chair: Eduardo Moacyr Krieger President, Brazilian Academy of Sciences, Brazil
    Rapporteur: G. Thyagarajan Scientific Secretary, ICSU/COSTED; India

    Scientific capabilities in the research on basic needs for development
    Eduardo Moacyr Krieger President, Brazilian Academy of Sciences, Brazil

    Essential national health research: a powerful instrument in the response to human basic health need.
    Essmat Ezzat Director, WHO Collaborating Centre for Human Resource Development, Egypt

    Development of biotechnology applied to food and health to face basic human needs in developing countries
    M. de Jesús Limonta-Vidal Director-General, Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Cuba

    Science in response to basic human needs with special reference to water
    Riyad Al-Dabbagh President, Al-Mustansiriya University, Iraq

    The ZERI approach towards responding to basic human needs, with special reference to poverty alleviation, energy and shelter
    Keto Elitabu Mshigeni Pro-Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Research, University of Namibia

    The responsibility of science in the alleviation of poverty in the world
    Thomas R. Odhiambo former President, African Academy of Sciences, Kenya

    Session co-ordinator: G. Thyagarajan Scientific Secretary, ICSU/COSTED; India
    Local secretary: J. Banczerowski Office of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.


  7. The Scientific Approach to Complex Systems
  8. Chair: Hartmut Grassl Executive Director, WCRP, Switzerland.
    Rapporteur: Ernö Mészáros University of Veszprem, Hungary

    The predictability of climate
    Tim Palmer ECMWF, Reading, UK

    Disturbed carbon cycle 
    Berrien Moore III Chair, IGBP; University of New Hampshire, USA

    Modeling of policy-making and policy-implementation
    Arild Underdal Vice-President, IHDP; Norway

    Towards an integrative biology and GaiaList 21:new Programmes for better Understand of Living Beings
    Motohori Hoshi
    Department of Life Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan

    Uncertainty and complexity: a mathematician’s point of view
    Jacob Palis President, IMU; IMPA, Brazil

    Session co-ordinator: Hartmut Grassl Executive Director, WCRP; Switzerland
    Local secretary: tbd


  9. Science Across Borders
  10. Chair: Peter Tindemans Chairman, OECD Megascience Forum, Netherlands
    Rapporteur: Stefan Michalowski OECD, France

    The need for international cooperation in science and technology
    Enric Banda Secretary-General, European Science Foundation, France

    The new commitment for science across borders: a viewpoint of a developing country
    Hu Qiheng Vice-President, CAST, China

    International collaboration in science: lessons from CERN
    C. Llewellyn-Smith Provost, University College London, UK

    Scientific cooperation in Latin America
    Oscar Grau Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, UN de La Plata, Argentina

    International collaboration in the fields of life/brain science
    Masao Ito RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Tokyo, Japan

    Session co-ordinator: Stefan Michalowski OECD, France
    Local secretary: S.Toth Office of Science and Technology Policy Council, Hungary


  11. Sharing Scientific Knowledge
  12. Chair: Sir Roger Elliott Chair, ICSU Press; University of Oxford,UK
    Rapporteur: Kai-Inge Hillerud The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden

    Normative issues for electronic publishing in science
    Mark S. Frankel Director, Program on Scientific Freedom, Responsibility and Law, AAAS, USA

    Scientific data in the Internet era
    John Rumble President, CODATA,USA

    Worldwide access to scientific information in the electronic age: an Asian view
    Xuan Wang Institute of Computer Science and Technology, Peking University, China

    Sharing scientific knowledge through publications: what do developing countries have to offer?
    Ana María Cetto Instituto de Física, UNAM, Mexico

    Copyrights vs. freedom of scientific communication
    P. Bernt Hugenholtz Institute for Information Law, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands

    Access to electronic information now and in the future
    David Russon Deputy Chief Executive, British Library, UK

    Session co-ordinator: Sir Roger Elliott Chair, ICSU Press; University of Oxford,UK
    Local secretary: tdb


  13. Science Education
  14. Chair: Shirley Malcom AAAS, USA

    Theme I:
    Science education for development
    Sam Bajah Institute of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    Jajah Koswara Jakarta, Indonesia
    Lauritz Holm-Nielsen World Bank, USA
    Molly Teas Director, ICSU/PCBS; AAAS, USA

    Theme II:
    Science education in schools
    Colin Power Deputy Director-General, UNESCO, France

    Jack Holbrook Executive Secretary, ICASE, Cyprus
    Caroline MacGrath Association for Science Education, UK
    Winston King University of the West Indies, Barbados

    Theme III:
    Science education for future scientists
    Wei Yu Vice-Minister for Education, China

    Flavio Fava de Moraes Vice-President, IAU; Brazil
    Berit Olsson Director SAREC, Sweden
    Munthir Salah Minister of Higher Education, Palestinian National Authority, Palestine

    Session co-ordinator: Leon Lederman Chair, ICSU/PCBS; USA
    Local secretary: G. Marx Eötvös Lóránd University, Hungary


  15. Science and the Environment
  16. Chair: Jerry M. Melillo President, SCOPE; USA
    Rapporteur: Andras Szöllösi-Nagy Secretary, International Hydrological Programme, UNESCO

    Global problems related to biodiversity science, especially the effects of invasive species
    José Sarukhan Chair, Diversitas; UNAM, Mexico

    The environmental consequences of tropical deforestation
    Carlos Cerri Universidade de Săo Paulo, Brazil

    Water resources for human use: a perspective in view of the climate variability impacts
    María Concepción Donoso Director, CATHALAC, Panama

    Global climate change and cycling of toxic metals
    Jerome Nriagu School of Public Health, University of Michigan; Nigeria

    The role of the oceans in global climate change
    John C. Field President, SCOR; University of Cape Town, South Africa

    Natural hazards of geological origin and their environmental impacts
    R. Punongbayan Director, Philippine Institute of Vulcanology and Seismology, Philippines

    Human-induced changes in the global nitrogen cycle: implications for coastal ecosystems
    Donald Boesch Director, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, USA

    Session co-ordinator: Veronique Plocq Fichelet Executive Director, SCOPE, France
    Local secretary: A. Elek National Council of the Environment, Hungary


  17. The Biological Revolution and its Implications for Health
  18. Chair: Jorge Allende Director, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, University of Chile, Chile
    Rapporteur: Nicole Biros Director, Research Policy and Co-operation, WHO

    The biological revolution and its implications for health: an overview
    Jorge Allende Director, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, University of Chile, Chile

    Genetics and health
    Maxine Singer President, Carnegie Institution, USA

    Vaccines for the future
    Paul-Henri Lambert WHO Adviser for Vaccine Research, Belgium/Switzerland

    The biological revolution: what’s in it for Africa?
    Mireille David-Prince Université du Bénin, Togo

    New perspectives on ageing
    Edit Beregi Semmelweis Medical University, Hungary

    Application and implication of the cloning of a disease gene: cystic fibrosis as an example
    Lap-Chee Tsui The Hospital for Sick Children; University of Toronto, Canada

    Prospects for AIDS research
    Luc Montagnier President of the World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention, France

    Session co-ordinator: Nicole Biros Director, Research Policy and Co-operation, WHO
    Local secretary: tbd


  19. Science Agriculture and Food Security
  20. Chair: Ismail Serageldin Chairman, CGIAR; Egypt
    Rapporteur: Enrico Porceddu Universitŕ degli Studi della Tuscia, Italy

    Achievements and shortcomings of agriculture research: what to expect from biotechnology
    Marc Van Montagu University of Gent - Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology, Belgium

    Scientific challenges in feeding the world through sustainable agriculture
    Bruce Alberts President, NAS, USA

    Mobilising society for food security and related issues.
    Mervat Badawi Director, Operations Department, Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development, Kuwait

    Gian Tomaso Scarascia Mugnozza, Rector, Universitŕ degli Studi della Tuscia, Italy
    Louise Fresco FAO-SDR; Netherlands
    Winfred Blum Secretary-General, IUSS; Austria
    Elias Fereres Director, Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, Spain

    Session co-ordinator: Maria J. Zimmermann Sustainable Development Department, FAO, Italy
    Local secretary: G. Várallay Research Institute for Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Hungary


  21. Science, Ethics and Responsibilty
  22. Chair: Vigdis Finnbogadottir Chair, World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology; Iceland
    Rapporteur; Matthias Kaiser Chair, ICSU/SCRES; Norway

    The increasing gap between North and South: a globalization paradox
    José M. Cantú Latin American Genome Project; University of Guadalajara, Mexico

    Human cloning: the ethics of replicating us
    Margaret Somerville Director, Centre for Medicine, Ethics and Law, McGill University, Canada

    Science, ethics and responsibility in a globalized economy
    Shem O. Wandiga Chairman, Kenya National Academy of Sciences, Kenya

    The precautionary principle
    Biserka Belicza Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Croatia

    Scientific power, economic power, political power
    Rynichi Ida President, International Bioethics Committee; Japan

    Session co-ordinator: G. Kutukdjian Director, Division of Ethics of Science and Technology, UNESCO
    Local secretary: tdb

  23. Science and Energy 
  24. Chair:
    Rapporteur: Ugo Farinelli ENEA, Italy

    Energy policy: strategy and challenges for the future
    Chihiro Watanabe Department of International Engineering and Management, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan

    Distributed power: a challenge for the 21st century
    John Loughhead Vice-President Technology, ALSTOM, France

    The role of science in the development of fission and fusion energy
    Douglas Muir Department of nuclear Sciences and Applications, Nuclear Data Section,  International Atomic Energy Agency, Austria

    Energy: science, economics and environment
    Jyoti Parikh Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, India

    Challenges for research and development in renewable and solar energy technology
    Gernot Oswald President, Siemens Solar GmbH, Germany

    Energy and Sustainable Development in Africa
    Abdoussalam Ba Directeur Général du CNES, Niger

    Session co-ordinator: B. Berkovski Director, Division of Engineering Sciences, UNESCO
    Local secretary: T. Jászoy Budapest Technical University, Hungary

    The provision of science and technology development for sustainable energy in developing countries with the case study on Indonesia
    Harijono Djojodohardjo
    Chairman, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space, Indonesia


  25. Science and New Materials
  26. Chair: Richard A. Catlow The Royal Institution, UK
    Rapporteur: John Corish Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland

    Challenges for polymer sciences in the 21st Century
    Alexei Khokhlov Department of Physics, Lomonosov State University, Russia

    The importance of interfaces
    Roger Horn Ian Wark Research Institute, University of South Australia, Australia

    Small-scale materials science with large scale facilities
    Bruce D. Gaulin Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Canada

    Poroussolids, environment and strategic developments
    Gérard Ferey Institut Lavoisier, Université de Versailles, France

    Computer modelling of materials at the atomic scale
    Richard Catlow The Royal Institution, U.K.

    New materials: their contribution to our futures
    John Corish Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland

    Session co-ordinator: John Corish Trinity College, University of Dublin, Ireland
    Local secretary: J. Gyulai Research Institute for Material Sciences, Hungary


    Monday 28 June 1999

    FORUM II - Science and Society

Morning: Plenary session.

Public perception of science: between acceptance and rejection.
John Durant UK; Director of Science Communication, Science Museum, London

Science and development
Shem O. Wandiga Kenya; Chairman, Kenya National Academy of Sciences

Setting priorities in a new socio-economic context.
Partha Dasgupta UK; Faculty of Economics and Politics, University of Cambridge

Science: the gender issues
Lydia Makhubu Swaziland; President, Third World Organization for Women in Science

A new social contract for science
Jane Lubchenco USA; Professor of Zoology, Oregon State University

Science for future generations
Lu Yongxiang China; President, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Executive Secretary of Forum II: Kurt Pawlik President, International Social Sciences Council
Local Secretary: P. Venetianer Hungarian Academy of Sciences


Afternoon: Concurrent Thematic Meetings

    1. Public Perception of Science:
      Between Acceptance and Rejection 
    2. Chair: Yuri Osipov President, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
      Rapporteur: John Durant Director of Science Communication, Science Museum, UK

      Public perceptions of the connection between scientific research and social progress
      Bruce Lewenstein Cornell University, USA

      Public perception of science and anti-science: science and counter culture
      Sergei Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

      Perception of science: essentials and its practice in China
      Perception of science in a country in transition
      Zhang Kaixun Vice-President, CAST, Institue of Automation for machine-building, China

      Science centres: a motivational asset
      Pelle Persson Director, HEUREKA, Finland

      Third World science: a paradox of prestige and neglect
      Martín Yriart Escuela de letras, Master CTS: Cultura y Comunicacion en Ciencia y Tecnologia, Madrid, Spain

      L'Afrique refuse-t-elle la science?
      Gervais Mbarga Université de Yaounde II, Cameroon

      Session co-ordinator: John Durant Director of Science Communication, Science Museum, UK
      Local secretary: A.Váry Research Institute for Sociology, HAS, Hungary


    3. Science for Development
    4. Chair: C.N.R. Rao Vice-President, TWAS; India
      Rapporteur: Mohamed Hassan Executive Director, TWAS; Sudan

      Science and survival in the coming decades
      C.N.R. Rao Vice-President, TWAS; India

      Science, development and globalization
      Ahmad Jalali Ambassador of Iran to UNESCO

      Addressing the socio-economic developmental needs society: contribution of the geosciences
      Godwin O.P. Obasi Vice-President, TWAS; Nigeria

      Science for development: the approach of a small island state
      Gerald Lalor Director-General, ICENS, Jamaica

      Science for development
      Adnan Badran President, Philadelphia University, Jordan

      European Union research programmes with linkages to development
      Jorma Routti Director-General XII, European Commission, Finland

      Session co-ordinator: Mohamed Hassan Executive Director, TWAS; Sudan
      Local secretary: tbd


    5. Setting Priorities in a New Socio-Economic Context
    6. Chair: Hans van Ginkel Rector, UN University; Netherlands
      Rapporteur: Jean-Eric Aubert OECD; France

      Feasibility of science prospective: what priorities ?
      Thierry Gaudin Prospective 2100, France

      Science and priority setting in open societies
      John de la Mothe Faculty of Administration, University of Ottawa, Canada

      Setting priorities in a new socio-economic context: an industrialist's view
      Jens Rostrup-Nielsen Vice-President, Haldor Topsoe, Denmark

      Science and technology priorities and policy issues: the Latin-American experience
      Hebe Vessuri Venezuelan Institute of Scientific Research, Venezuela

      Central Asia: science in transition
      Kadyr G. Gulamov Vice-President, Academy of Sciences, Uzbekistan

      Setting priorities for science and technology in Saudi Arabia and its impediments
      Saleh Al-Athel President, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

      Session co-ordinator: : Jean-Eric Aubert OECD, France
      Local secretary: A. Havas National Committee for Technological Development, Hungary


    7. Gender Mainstreaming in Science and Technology
    8. Chair: Sjamsiah Achmad Indonesian Institute of Science, Indonesia
      President: Tullia Carettoni President, Italian National Commission for UNESCO, Italy
      Rapporteur: Geoffrey Oldham former Director, SPRU, University of Sussex, UK

      Science: the gender issues
      Sjamsiah Achmad Indonesian Institute of Science, Indonesia

      A new declaration of intent on gender, science and technology, and development
      Geoffrey Oldham former Director, SPRU, University of Sussex, UK

      Research and informal education by women scientists for sustainable development
      Grace Alele Williams Vice-President TWOWS; Nigeria

      Gender equity as a structural component of the new paradigm and commitment of science and technology
      Gloria Bonder Facultad de Psicologia, universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina

      The role of women in science for sustainable human development
      Aleksandra Kornhauser International Centre for Chemical Studies, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

      Promoting science learning for girls and women: policies for human resources development
      Shirley Malcom AAAS, USA

      Science and technology for development: the gender dimension
      Farkhonda Hassan Vice-President, TWOWS; Egypt

      Session co-ordinator: Renée Clair Programme Specialist, Basic Sciences Division, UNESCO
      Local secretary: Cs. Bánayász Research Institute for Computer Science and Automation, HAS, Hungary


    9. A new Social Contract for Science
    10. Chair: Herwig Schopper University of Hamburg, Germany
      Rapporteur: Heidi Diggelmann Institute for Microbiology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland

      Basic science and society
      Herwig Schopper University of Hamburg, Germany

      What does it mean, a social contract for science?
      Evandro Agazzi Department of Philosophy, University of Genova, Italy

      The social contract with science in developing countries
      Yoginder Alagh President, Shiri Sai Rural Institute, India

      New social contract for science: a need for capacity building in Africa
      Francis K.A. Allotey President, Society of African Physicists and Mathematicians, Ghana

      The responsibility of companies to society to provide access to healthy water and an efficient waste water treatment system
      Marie-Marguerite Bourbigot Directeur de Recherche, Générale des Eaux/Vivendi, France

      Prospects for science in Latin American countries
      Luis Masperi Director, CLAF, Brazil

      Dubna: an island of stability
      Alexei Sissakian JINR, Dubna, Russia

      Keeping the basic principles of knowledge openness and research for the long term
      Dominique Foray Directeur de Recherche, CNRS, France

      Session co-ordinator: Herwig Schopper University of Hamburg, Germany
      Local secretary: R. Lovas Research Institute for Particle Physics, Hungary


    11. Science, Industry and Knowledge as a Public Good
    12. Chair M.G.K. Menon former President, ICSU; India
      Rapporteur: Albert Fischli F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Switzerland

      Government funding
      M.G.K. Menon former President, ICSU; India

      The pharmaceutical industry and rapidly expanding molecular-genetic knowledge
      Albert Fischli F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Switzerland

      The revolution in biology: prospects for the future
      Paul Berg Stanford University Medical Centre, USA

      The electronics industry
      Bernt Ericson Vice-President of Research and Technology, L.M. Ericsson, Sweden

      The mechanical and steel industry
      Eckhard Rohkamm Thyssen Industries AG, Germany

      Research and development, innovation and the knowledge-based economy
      Arthur J. Carty President, National Research Council, Canada

      Session co-ordinator: Albert Fischli F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, Switzerland
      Local secretary: É. Ehrlich Research Institute for World Economics, Hungary


    13. New Mechanisms for Funding Science
    14. Chair: Sir Crispin Tickell ICSU Advisory Committee on the Environment; UK
      Rapporteur: Kirsten Broch-Mathisen Chair IGFA; Norway

      Adding value to national research: a need for glue money and development of new partnerships
      John Marks Director, NWO Earth and Life Sciences Council, Netherlands

      Co-operation in science and technology and Asia's role
      Koichiro Matsuura Ambassador of Japan to France

      Management of new mechanisms for funding science
      Jaime Lavados Ambassador of Chile to UNESCO

      Financier la science en Afrique dans le contexte de la globalisation: perspectives et défis
      Charles Binam Cabinet du Ministre de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique, Cameroon

      Session co-ordinator: Jean-François Stuyck-Taillandier Executive Director, ICSU, France
      Local secretary: tbd


    15. Scientific Expertise and Public Decision Making
    16. Chair: Robert Watson Chair IPCC, UK
      Rapporteur: Nikolai Plate Secretary General, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

      Role of scientific knowledge and international assessments in national and international environmental policy formulation
      Robert Watson Chair, IPCC; UK

      Scientific research and the convention on biodiversity
      Anthony Janetos World Resources Institute, USA

      Scientists in the service of decision making
      Uri Shamir Technion–Israel Institute of Technology, Israel

      Some observations on the role of science in public policy
      Tom Brzustowski President, Natural Science and Engineering Research Council, Canada

      Science and disaster management
      Barbara Carby Office of Disaster Preparedness and Emergency Management, Jamaica

      Session co-ordinator: Jean-François Stuyck-Taillandier Executive Director, ICSU, France
      Local secretary: tbd


    17. Joining Forces for a Sustainable World
    18. Chair: F. Sherwood Rowland Foreign Secretary, NAS, USA
      Rapporteur: John P. Campbell Director, InterAcademy Programs, NAS, USA

      Sustainable consumption: visionary or illusory?
      Brian Heap Foreign Secretary, Royal Society, UK

      World population growth: issues and policy implications of demographic change
      P. Tandon Indian National Science Academy, India

      Science, a learning model for development
      Yves Quéré Foreign Secretary, Académie des Sciences, France

      Feeding the world: production and distribution issues
      Food in sustainability transition
      Lee Yee Cheong Secretary-General, Academy of Sciences Malaysia, Malaysia

      International health: changing patterns and policy implications
      Erding Norrby Secretary-General, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden

      Session co-ordinator: John Campbell Director, InterAcademy Programs, NAS, USA
      Local secretary: G. Náray-Szabó Eötvös Lóránd University, Hungary


    19. Science and Democracy: a Social Perspective
    20. Chair: Theodore Lowi Department of Government, Cornell University, USA
      Rapporteur: Rainer Eisfeld Department of Social Science, University of Osnabrück, Germany

      Science in totalitarian and post-totalitarian regimes
      Rainer Eisfeld Department of Social Science, University of Osnabrück, Germany

      The idea of the university in a democratic society
      Piotr Sztompka Jagiellonian University, Poland

      A socio-political rejoinder, from a contemporary perspective
      Alberto Martinelli Facoltŕ di Scienze Politiche, Universitŕ degli Studi di Milano, Italy

      International co-operation on climate change
      James Dooge Centre for Water Resource Research, University College Dublin, Ireland

      Africa and the Third World
      L. Adele Jinadu Lagos State University, Nigeria

      Reason, discernment and democracy
      Lourdes Arizpe Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias, UNAM, Mexico

      Science and democracy: public attitudes to science and scientists
      Robert Worcester Director, MORI Organization, UK

      Session co-ordinator: Leszek Kosinski Secretary-General, International Social Sciences Council, France
      Local secretary: tbd


    21. Communicating and Popularizing Science
    22. Chair: Winfried Goepfert Professor of Publishing and Science Journalism, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
      Rapporteur: Istvan Palugyai Vice-President, EUSJA Hungary

      Science communication, a duty of scientists
      Paola Catapano CERN, Switzerland

      Training scientists to understand and love the media
      Toss Gascoigne
      Executive Director, FAST, Australia

      Audiences: the missing variable in science communication
      Carol Rogers College of Journalism, University of Maryland, USA

      Popularising science in an emerging century: necessity or luxury?
      Nohora E. Hoyos Director, Maloka Ciencia y Tecnología Interactiva,, Colombia

      Science festivals and weeks: adaptable vehicles for science communication
      Peter Briggs Secretary, British Association for the Advancement of Science, UK

      Science in the media – science in competition
      Aart C. Gisolf Science Television, SWR, Germany

      Session co-ordinator: Winfried Goepfert, Professor of Publishing and Science Journalism, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
      Local secretary: G. Bencze Central Research Institute for Physics, HAS, Hungary


    23. Science and Other Systems of Knowledge

Chair: B.V. Subbarayappa President, IUHPS, India
Rapporteur: Douglas Nakashima Programme Specialist, Unit on Coastal Areas and Small Islands, UNESCO

Systems of knowledge: dialogue, relationship and process
Kenneth Ruddle Kwansei Gakuin University UK

Integrating indigenous knowledge into conservation policy: aboriginal fire regimes and the challenge of reproducing acient fire management in protected areas.
Marcia Langton Centre for Indigenous Natural and Cultural Resource Management, Northern Territory University, Australia

Les savoirs agricoles traditionnels dans la production vivičre en Afrique subsaharienne
Lazare Séhouéto Institut Kilimandjaro, Bénin

Improving health care by coupling  indigenous and modern medical knowledge: the scientific bases of Highland Maya herbal medicine
Brent Berlin Department of Anthropology; University of Georgia, USA

Pulse of the sea: integrating local knowledge in community-based coastal resource management
Elmer Ferrer University of the Philippines, Philippines

Educating today’s youth in indigenous ecological knowledge: new paths for traditional ways
Robbie Mathew Eeyou (Cree Indian) Elder of Chisasibi Nation, Canada

Session co-ordinator: Douglas Nakashima Programme Specialist, Unit on Coastal Areas and Small Islands, UNESCO
Local secretary: tbd


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