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Science for Development in the South


Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS)
Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries (COSTED)

prepared by

Prof. D. Balasubramanian
Director of Research
Hyderabad Eye Research Foundation, India
E-mail: dbala@lvpeye.stph.net

Helpful suggestions received from Prof. A.M. Cetto, Prof. M.H.A. Hassan, Prof. Lu Y.X., Prof. C.N.R. Rao, Prof. J.I. Vargas, Prof. S.O. Wandiga and Dr. V. Zharov are gratefully acknowledged.

Annex backtop_meet.gif (1986 bytes)

Summary of Possible Discussion Points


Some points for consideration in the Discussion on "Capacity Building for Science-led Development in the South".
1. Reasons why science has not flourished in the South
2. Science education and training of teachers
3. Training for research
4. Building and maintenance of research facilities
5. Building of institutional infrastructures


Points for discussion on "Commitments by National Governments"
1. Budgetary allocation for science and technology
2. Separate national (and provincial) ministries/departments for science
3. Involving scientists in national policy planning and development
4. Enhancement of the dignity and status of the scientific profession in the country
5. National innovation systems in education, curricula, experimental kits, educational aids, field studies
6. Promoting curricular and other complementary aid materials
7. Spotting and nurturing talent, offering opportunities and training to students
8. Preparing national students for international events and competitions


Points for discussion under "New Initiatives on an International Basis"
1. Support long-term, multidisciplinary and demand-driven programmes
2. Global networking database to help exchange viewpoints on common concerns
3. Building and networking national and international centres of excellence
4. Resuscitation of universities that have suffered through national calamities
5. Approach to "Disaster Prevention and Reduction in the South", particularly in regard to calamities such as floods, drought, locust invasion and the like

Issues that inhibit sustainable development

7. Identification of risks posed by some of the new technologies, and ways to address them based on culturally compatible or acceptable methodologies
8. Intellectual property rights, patent issues; farmers rights
9. Broad ethical issues of science and its applications


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