Opportunities for International
2223 May, 1998 Ames, Iowa (USA)
Workshop on Theoretical Nuclear/Particle Physics
Statement in support of basic research
The purposes of this Workshop were to:
The physics community of this interdisciplinary subfield is rather new and small. As it is new, opportunities for LDC scientists to participate in frontier science are greater. There are examples of this already happening; the initial scientific results were presented to the present Workshop and demonstrated that LDC scientists are among the leaders in this cross-disciplinary field.
Facilitation issues such as the role of emerging digital communications technologies, support sources/mechanisms, etc., were discussed in order to assess their potential roles.
This statement emerged in order to present motivations and suggestions for the international community and LDCs to support this area of science in general and these types of collaborative effort in particular.
The participants in the Workshop hope that the present Statement will help generate greater world-wide support of other emerging interdisciplinary subfields in the physical sciences.
Future economic and social development will increasingly depend on a scientifically literate and technologically capable society. Knowledge industries, computer/communications industry and the software industry are but a few examples of rapidly expanding areas of commerce.
Such a society requires a good capacity in science education at all levels in order to develop a technologically skilled workforce, especially in such areas as engineering, medicine, science and informatics.
In order to have a strong science education capacity, it is important to have active scientists in higher education as science educators. These educators/researchers will train the successive generations of qualified science and technology teachers for all levels (from primary through post-secondary) while maintaining their nations participation in the global science and technology enterprise. They will also train the technologically sophisticated workforce.
Society benefits greatly from a vigorous culture of science and technology. This culture of science and technology
Many challenges facing societies are increasingly complex and require scientific/technical inputs for national and local policy-making. Often, these challenges require a regional and global perspective. Furthermore, science itself has become a global enterprise and therefore international cooperation offers a means of enhancing the cost-effectiveness of a nations effort.
While we have provided operational definitions, the distinctions between basic and applied research are not always clearcut. As argued above, basic research has often led to powerful breakthroughs which have vastly improved the human condition. Our consensus is that both basic and applied research are necessary and that they need mutually to support each other. Therefore, we conclude that each country should invest a suitable amount of support in its basic science efforts.
We recommend that UNESCO and other international agencies: