The intangible cultural heritage is transmitted from generation to generation, and is constantly recreated by communities and groups, in response to their environment, their interaction with nature, and their history. It provides people with a sense of identity and continuity, and promotes respect for cultural diversity and human creativity.
The Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage defines
the intangible cultural heritage as the practices, representations, expressions,
as well as the knowledge and skills (including instruments, objects, artefacts, cultural spaces), that communities, groups and, in some cases,individuals recognise as part of their cultural heritage. It is sometimes called living cultural heritage, and is manifested inter alia in the following domains:
- Oral traditions and expressions, including language
as a vehicle of the intangible cultural heritage;
- Performing arts;
- Social practices, rituals and festive events;
- Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe;
- traditional craftsmanship.