The Greek legal system belongs to the family of Roman systems. Its basic elements reflect the influence of both the German and French law. Greece is also a member State of the EU (since 1981), therefore EU law covers a large part of internal law.

According to the Constitution of 1975/86/01, Greece is a presidential parliamentary multi-party republic of western type, based on the principles of human dignity, popular sovereignty, distinction of powers, and rule of law. The Constitution protects a large catalogue of fundamental rights (civil liberties, political rights, social rights, and rights of “3rd generation”). All courts have the power to control the constitutionality of laws (non existence of a Constitutional Court). All ratified international conventions as well as all generally recognized rules of international law prevail over domestic laws.   

For the constitutional history of the country, see in the official website of the Greek Parliament: