When adopting the Constitution in
November 1945, UNESCO's founders set the agenda for the Organization's
action in the field of communication for decades to come by mandating it
to «promote the free flow of ideas by word and image». UNESCO's
Constitution stresses the need for information and communication within
and between nations. It links the free flow of ideas to the broader objective
of preventing wars and «constructing the defenses of peace»
by «advancing the mutual knowledge and understanding of peoples»
so that «ignorance of each other's ways and lives...suspicion and
mistrust between the peoples of the world» no longer be a direct
cause of conflict. Since its inception, UNESCO's activities to promote
the free flow of ideas have evolved and adapted to global political, economic
and technological changes.
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