The Legal Committee is a committee of the General Conference, which consists of 24 members elected by the Conference. It is established for each ordinary session of the Conference and may meet whenever necessary before the opening of the following ordinary session, on the initiative of the President of the General Conference or at the request of the Executive Board.
The Legal Committee:
- Reports to the General Conference on legal matters
Pursuant to Rule 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the General Conference, the Legal Committee considers:
(a) proposals for the amendment of the Constitution and of the Rules of the General Conference;
(b) agenda items referred to it by the General Conference;
(c) appeals submitted by sponsors of draft resolutions to the General Conference that have been considered inadmissible by the Director-General under Rule 77 (draft resolutions relating to the Draft Programme and Budget);
(d) legal questions submitted to it by the General Conference or any of its organs;
(e) reports on conventions and recommendations transmitted to it by the General Conference.
- Acts as credentials committee
Pursuant to Rule 35 of the Rules of Procedure of the General Conference, the Legal Committee examines and reports to the General Conference on the credentials of delegations of Member States and Associate Members, of representatives of the United Nations and the specialized agencies, and of observers sent by non-Member States and other intergovernmental organizations. It also examines and reports on the credentials of observers designated by international non-governmental or semi-governmental organizations admitted to the Conference.
- Makes recommendations on the interpretation of the UNESCO Constitution
Pursuant to Rule 36 of the Rules of Procedure of the General Conference, the Legal Committee may be consulted on any question concerning the interpretation of the Constitution and of the rules and regulations. It may formulate an opinion or recommend to the Conference that any question concerning the interpretation of the Constitution be referred to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. In cases where the Organization is a party to a dispute, the Legal Committee may recommend to the Conference that the case be submitted to arbitration.
Chairperson of the Legal Committee of the 41st session of the General Conference
Mr Pierre Michel EISEMANN (France)