ANGOLA - PAVILION
As part of the Festival of Cultures of the Biennale of Luanda 2021, discover the cultural content proposed by Angola!
Enjoy your visit!
WELCOME TO THE ANGOLAN PAVILION!
Angola is proud of its experience in building peace, its involvement in security issues on the continent and its global commitment to an ever better world.
From the 27th to the 30th of November, the country has one more opportunity to demonstrate its commitment to global Peace by organizing, with the African Union and UNESCO, the 2nd Edition of the Biennale of Luanda, with two special features: continue one theme of the African Union and reflect on the paths to peace and sustainability with a concrete Action Plan to be produced in the post-event, for the period 2021-2023.
Welcome to our virtual space!
The Republic of Angola has just celebrated 46 years of independence and is less than a year away from holding new elections. The country vibrates as it hosts the Biennale of Luanda.
As is well known, Angola is a country on the west coast of Africa, whose main territory is limited to the north and northeast by the Democratic Republic of Congo, to the east by Zambia, to the south by Namibia and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean. It also includes the enclave of Cabinda, through which it borders the Republic of Congo to the north.
The Portuguese have been present since the 15th century in some parts of what is now the territory of Angola, interacting in different ways with the native peoples, mainly with the inhabitants of the coast. The demarcation of the territory only took place at the beginning of the 20th century.
The first European to reach Angola was the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão. Angola was a Portuguese colony that only covered the country's current territory in the 19th century and the "effective occupation", as determined by the Berlin Conference in 1884, only took place in the decade of 1920.
Independence from Portuguese rule was achieved in 1975, after a war of independence. Today, the country lives in peace, a stability achieved in April 2002. Today, more than 30 million inhabitants live in Angola.
This is a financial aid program for the poorest populations, which will cover, until its completion, 164 municipalities. The program is materialized in four segments: Cash transfers, Productive Inclusion, Municipalization of social action and Strengthening the social registration process. Funded by the World Bank in partnership with private banks, it seeks to create policies to support the poorest and most vulnerable families. Kwenda aims to lift citizens out of extreme poverty, through integration into income-generating activities, attributing a minimum social income by direct cash transfer to poor families with children under 5 years of age. KWENDA lasts for three years. Each household benefits quarterly from 25 thousand Kz, equivalent to eight thousand Kz/month. The program has already benefited more than 10,000 households.
Action Plan for the Promotion of Employability (PAPE) – is a program of the Government of Angola implemented by the Ministry of Public Administration, Employment and Social Security (MAPTESS), which aims to promote and support the spirit of initiative in youth, since the already established entrepreneurs to emerging ones, train young entrepreneurs in the technical-professional and small business management domains, contribute to the process of promoting the financial, fiscal and social inclusion of young people, contribute to the improvement of family income and, as a consequence, growth and the country's socioeconomic development; comment on youth cooperatives and associations, contribute to the process of Combating Hunger and Poverty, heat up the exercise of professions/occupations that are useful to society; contribute to the banking and financial education of families, contribute to the process of converting the informal economy to the formal one, and deliver work kits to support self-employment and entrepreneurship.
Mangroves are woody plant formations (trees and shrubs) that develop predominantly in transition zones between marine and terrestrial environments, in the space designated between tides. Located in salty or brackish waters along the coastline and river mouths, these ecosystems can extend up to fifty kilometers inland, where the influence of the tide is still marked.
In Angola, mangroves represent around 0.5%, with the largest concentration being located in the Congo River estuary north of Angola and in the Cuanza River estuary. Mangroves also occur along the Mussulo Bay coast, which is protected from the influence of the open sea by the Restinga das Palmeirinhas. However, the destruction of mangrove forests has taken place globally. According to FAO (2007), Africa has lost around 14% of mangroves in the last 25 years. In Angola, FAO states that from 1980 to 2006 around 37% of hectares in mangrove areas disappeared. CHALLENGES vs SOLUTIONS – Angola responds to the challenge with the OTCHIVA project.
“Marisma” - Marine Space Management and Governance Project is an initiative that results from a partnership between the Benguela Current Convention (Angola, Namibia and South Africa) and the Government of Germany. The project aims to improve the sustainable development of the “Great Benguela Current Ecosystem”. The Marisma is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Construction and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), through the International Climate Initiative (IKI) and with in-kind contributions from the BCC and its parties. Since its implementation, in 2015, until now, Government officials have been trained on Marine Spatial Planning (MSP).
The ideas and opinions expressed on this page are those of the Member State; they do not necessarily represent the views of UNESCO and the Organization hereby declines all liability. The designation employed and the presentation of material throughout the National Pavilion or this webpage do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Organization, concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area of its authorities, or concerning its frontiers or boundaries.