Guidelines

This page provides two sets of guidelines. The first part provides specific recommendations to policy makers at governmental level, educational institutions, instructional designers, and quality assurance and qualifications recognition bodies, as well as industry and developers during both emergency and standard educational situations.

The second provides a Matrix of Actions addressing issues that may be of value to educational stakeholders through the implementation of the educational delivery process.

Their aim is to support access to quality learning opportunities for persons with disabilities through ODL by harnessing open solutions (OER, OA, and FOSS). These opportunities have been thrust to the forefront in light of ongoing emergency responses required due to the global pandemic (COVID-19).
Last update: April 26, 2022

Guidelines per Educational Stakeholder

  1. Guidelines for Governments
  2. Guidelines for Educational Institutions Delivering ODL
  3. Guidelines for Instructors
  4. Guidelines for Quality Assurance and  Qualifications Recognition Bodies
  5. Guidelines for Emergency Movement to Online and Distance Learning

Matrix of Actions for educational stakeholders through the implementation of the educational delivery process 

This part provides a matrix of emergency response actions, prerequisite actions, implementation actions and monitoring processes for designing ODL for open solutions for persons with disabilities.

Universal Design of Learning (UDL)

UDL is a process in which a curriculum (goals, methods, materials and assessments) are intentionally designed to offer flexible and inclusive approaches that can be customized and adjusted for individual needs. The key components of UDL are to ensure flexibility and accessibility in the ways information is presented, the way students respond or demonstrate knowledge and skills, and the way they are engaged in the learning process (e.g., with the course content, interactions with peers, and instructors etc.); and in addition to reduce the barriers in instruction by providing appropriate accommodations, supports and challenges while maintaining high achievement expectations for all students.

Matrix of emergency response actions, prerequisite actions, implementation actions and monitoring processes for designing ODL for open solutions for persons with disabilities.

Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

Open and Distance Learning (ODL)

ODL is a broad term that embraces online learning, e-learning, distance education, correspondence education, external studies, flexible learning, and massive open online courses (MOOCs) movement. For the purpose of this platform, ODL will be defined as a learning that incorporates these main features:

  • Teacher-learner separation by space and time (or both)
  • Two-way communication and group communication (network)
  • The use of media and technology
  • More personalised educational experience

ODL can address issues that persons with disabilities may face such as geographical distance from centres of learning, issues with sensory systems (e.g., vision, hearing), and mobility difficulties (e.g., physical disabilities), as well as gender  and cost factors.

 

Free and Open-Source Software

FOSS are software that has been designed by a person or group, openly modified and then distributed freely for use.

The source code (basic underlying programming) of the software can generally be changed and shared within specific licence conditions[1]. FOSS products are licenced in a way that they can be freely used, studied, shared, and improved[2]. The open-source concept has resulted in the development of online encyclopaedias (Wikipedia), and Open Educational Resources (OER). The goal is to continuously improve the product through user input.

Examples of FOSS

Open Educational Resources (OER)

OER are learning, teaching and research materials in any format and medium that reside in the public domain or are under copyright that have been released under an open license, that permit no-cost access, re-use, re-purpose, adaptation and redistribution by others.

Open license refers to a license that respects the intellectual property rights of the copyright owner and provides permissions granting the public the rights to access, re-use, re-purpose, adapt and redistribute educational materials.

Examples of OER Sources

Checklists

The checklists below are designed for each of the elements of the Matrix and can be contextualized to fit different purposes as needed:

  1. Emergency Response Action Checklist
  2. Prerequisite Action Checklist

  3. Implementation Actions Checklist

  4. Monitoring Processes Checklist