Conserving the diversity of life on Earth and ocean health is critical to global human welfare, yet essential resources are at risk from the direct results of unsustainable practices. Sustainable development cannot be achieved by technological solutions, political regulation or financial instruments alone. We need to change the way we think and act.

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Ocean Corals UNESCO

Ocean and UNESCO Action in numbers

1960
Birth of UNESCO’s IOC

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission

$3 Trillion
The projected value of ocean economy by 2030
23%
of humankind’s carbon dioxide emissions

are absorbed by the ocean annually.

156,789
marine species recorded

in the UNESCO Ocean Biodiversity Information System (OBIS).

Underwater Cultural Heritage

Publications

Global Ocean Science Report 2020: Charting Capacity for Ocean Sustainability
UNESCO
2020
UNESCO
0000375147
Ocean science and international cooperation: historical and personal recollections
UNESCO
2021
UNESCO
0000379996
The United Nations World Water Development Report 2022: groundwater: making the invisible visible
UNESCO
2022
UNESCO
0000380721