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Monitoring and Reporting on Access to Information

UNESCO assists Member States to comply with and implement international treaties and agreements, norms and standards related to Universal Access to Information, contributing towards knowledge societies. Access to information builds on these internationally recognized rights and encompass the core principles of good governance: participation, transparency, and accountability. Obstacles to access to information can undermine the enjoyment of civil and political rights, as well as economic, social, and cultural rights. UNESCO provides evidence-based and, where appropriate, integrated policy advice to help countries implement and report on their work on the 2030 Agenda, particularly by mainstreaming constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information. UNESCO provides governments and civil society organizations with capacities to collect, analyze, and increase the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data on SDG 16.10.2.

National governments, the primary duty-bearers responsible for making progress towards SDGs, have an obligation to monitor and report progress on their commitments and actions to guarantee public access to information, which is reflected in SDG Target 16.10. Under this target, Indicator 16.10.2 has been put in place to track progress on “the number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information”, giving attention to the two essential components of such progress: “adoption” and “implementation”.


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UNESCO 2021 survey on public access to information successfully launched
To recovery and beyond 2021

Our Challenges

Investigative reporting courses UNESCO Investigating Sustainable Development

Monitoring and Reporting of SDG 16.10.2


UNESCO is the UN custodian agency for SDG Indicator 16.10.2 that tracks global progress on the number of countries that adopt and implement legal guarantees on Access to Information.

Facts and Figures

UN Member States have adopted

constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information.

Out of 42
countries that submitted their reviews

to the VNR process, 28 countries (67%) reported on ‘access to information’.

11 countries
adopted Access to Information laws

since the adoption of the 2030 Agenda.

102 countries
participated in 2021

in the UNESCO Survey on SDG 16.10.2.

Our Publications

To recovery and beyond: 2021 UNESCO report on public access to information (SDG 16.10.2)
Report supported by Sweden, Germany and the Netherlands through the International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC).
Access to Information laws: a guarantee of inclusion and disability rights: Issue brief
From promise to practice: access to information for sustainable development;2020 UNESCO report on the monitoring and reporting of SDG indicator 16.10.2 (Public access to information)
Powering sustainable development with access to information: highlights from the 2019 UNESCO monitoring and reporting of SDG indicator 16.10.2
Access to information: a new promise for sustainable development