World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development

Independent journalism is in peril, faced with the erosion of business models, increasing crackdowns on press freedom, and ongoing threats against the safety of journalists. The global community must act swiftly to protect and promote press freedom and public access to free, independent, and pluralistic news media. In order to effectively respond to these urgent challenges, we must first understand them.

The World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development series analyses trends in media freedom, pluralism, independence, and the safety of journalists. The Global Report, published every four years since 2014, provides a macro-level perspective that informs UNESCO Member States, international organizations, civil society groups, academia, and individuals seeking to understand the changing global media landscape. Issue briefs and other publications in the World Trends Report series offer additional insights into new and evolving challenges in the field of freedom of expression and media development.

Global Report 2021/2022

UNESCO's World Trends in Freedom of Expression and Media Development: Global Report 2021/2022, analyses the state of media freedom, pluralism, independence, and safety of journalists over the past five years.

Read each chapter of the Report through the interactive online version here or download the full Report here.


Cover of 2021/2022 Global Report
Journalism and whistleblowing

The Issue Brief examines the relationship between journalism and whistleblowers as mutually beneficial and an important tool to protect human rights, fight corruption, and strengthen democracy.

Just released: Safety of journalists covering trauma and distress 'Do no harm'

This issue brief which explores both aspects of trauma reporting, highlighting challenges and good practices in covering traumatic events and in preserving the psychosocial safety of the media workers who report on them. 

Just released: Finding the funds for journalism to thrive

How can policymakers best respond to the severe financial crisis that threatens the supply of independent journalism and compounds the erosion of press freedom globally? This issue brief explores policy options for supporting media viability.

Highlights of the Global Report 2021/2022

Find the key figures, trends, and challenges facing free, independent, and pluralistic media worldwide in the Highlights of the Global Report.

Available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish.

World Trends in Media

More Reports

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