Students in Primary Seven at Zanaki Primary School in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania,

2022 Education Finance Watch Social Media Resources

Key Tweets

📍Just released: The 2022 Education Finance Watch #EFW2022 by @WBG_Education, @GEMReport and @UNESCOstat sheds light on the impact of #Covid19 on global education financing. Read more #TransformingEducation

Global learning losses from #Covid19 could cost this generation of students close to US$21 trillion in lifetime 💰 earnings. Find out more in #EFW2022 by @WBG_Education, @GEMReport and @UNESCOstat #TransformingEducation

Despite the education needs during the #COVID19 pandemic, total global education spending remained stagnant albeit with differences in spending in different country income groups. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022 #TransformingEducation

Combined, bilateral donors decreased their aid to education from 2019 to 2020 despite the extra education needs as a result of #COVID-19 @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022 #TransformingEducation

In the poorest countries, households pay 3 x more of the share of the total cost of education than in the richest countries. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022 #TransformingEducation

Government spending:

The Covid-19 pandemic reversed a gradual upward trend in per capita public spending on education in low- and lower-middle-income countries. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

The share of education in government budgets in 2022 remains ⬇️below 2019 levels in lower income countries. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

The share of education spending as a percentage of total government expenditure ⬇️fell in most regions with the onset of the Covid-19 pandemic. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Governments are the main funding source for education. More than 3/4 of global education expenditures stems from government contributions. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Approximately 41% of lower income countries ⬇️reduced their spending on education after the onset of the #Covid19 pandemic. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Education has not recovered its lost share in government budgets in lower-income countries, which remains 📉 lower in 2022 than before COVID-19 – but it is above 2019 levels in higher-income countries. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

During the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020, total global education spending remained constant globally, but ⬇️declined in middle-income countries. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Aid to education:

Although total education aid reached a record high of US$18.1 billion in 2020, this was largely driven by budget support and not aid specifically directed at education. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

International donor support to education in low-income countries surged by 28% from US$3.6 billion in 2019, to US$4.6 billion in 2020. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Multilateral aid flows have ⬆️grown in response to Covid-19, but bilateral aid to education fell. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

The Covid-19 crisis, the war in 🇺🇦 Ukraine, as well as shifts in some governments’ priorities, saw four major donors to education announce severe ✂️cuts to their aid budget, which will likely rebound on education financing. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Education aid lost ground to other sectors in 2020. It is estimated that OECD DAC countries spent 7% of total aid on interventions related to #Covid19 in 2020. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Education financing data:

Data on financing has increased significantly. Last year there was only data on the share of education in total government spending for just 16 percent of countries. A year later, this indicator is reported in the UIS database for 64 percent of countries @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Some education finance reporting problems remain intractable. Just 1% of countries reported spending by level of education in 2020. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Almost every country in the world conducts household surveys but their potential for analyzing education expenditure has not been utilized. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Household Financing

More than 3% of household 💵 income is dedicated to spending in education but the richest families spend 4.2% while the poorest families only 2.4%. Find out more in @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

Globally, households contributed just under a quarter of 🌏 global education spending in 2020, but in low-income countries, the share was 35%. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022

One in twelve families have to borrow to be able to cover education costs.  Read more in the new#EFW2022 by the @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat

Richer households tend to allocate almost twice as high a proportion of their budget to education. Poorer households are more likely to spend more of their budget on food and other necessities. @WBG_Education @GEMReport @UNESCOstat #EFW2022