Defending the ‘right to the city’: How cities include migrants and refugees in and through education

The continuing growth in migration and displacement flows around the world can challenge hosting communities. National authorities have the strongest voice in international debates on migrants and refugees, but cities are the primary destination of migrants and, increasingly, of refugees and internally displaced people. That puts cities at the forefront of providing for these new residents’ needs, including in education. Cities do not create immigration, asylum and education policies, but they do play key roles in implementing these policies, even if their room for manoeuvre and willingness to act vary widely between countries.