The Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve is located in the eastern part of the Eurasian continent, in the southeastern part of Jilin Province, China. It covers an area of 196,465 hectares, including 16 dormant and active volcanoes and their crater lakes. The highest peak on the Chinese side of Mount Changbai’s ridge is ‘White Cloud Peak’ at 2,691 m and in its caldera can be found ‘Heavenly Lake’, hot springs and waterfalls. In 1979, Changbaishan became one of the first three biosphere reserves in the People’s Republic of China.

Here, Heaven Lake, situated on a crater, crowns the highest peak of the Chinese Changbai volcanic range. In the Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve, alpine tundra rises imposingly from the landscape of mixed forests and other vegetation types. The Chinese merganser and sika deer are the stars of the local fauna. This Reserve is a pioneer in embracing ecotourism in China: local communities cultivate medicinal plants,
implement educational programmes and protect biodiversity.

Listen to ZHAO Yueming and XU Lianxiang talk about the Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve in this podcast.

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Podcast Changbashian
Listen to the experts talk about the Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve in this podcast.
3m long, 200 kg, with stripes

The Mount Changbai region and Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve are important habitats of the Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris longipilis), which ranges across the mountainous eastern Sino-Russian border. It is the largest tiger subspecies and can travel up to 1,000 km.


species of wild plants have been recorded in Changbaishan. This outstanding diversity only exists due to the complex configuration of the high altitudinal range, basaltic soil and monsoon influenced temperate climate. The mountains have traditionally provided the inventories of medicinal plants.

Shanghai scotch pine

Changpai Scotch Pine (Pinus Syluestriformis), also known as "Beauty Pine", has a beautiful plant shape, straight trunk, evergreen throughout the seasons and golden bark. This endemic species of Changbai Mountain has its only 20,000 individuals all distributing in the northern part of the Changbaishan Biosphere Reserve.

Natural museum

Changbaishan is located at the meeting point between European, Chinese and Siberian species. The biosphere reserve is home to 2,639 species of wild plants and 1,586 species of wild animals, making it a gene pool for the whole of Eurasia.