WorldMap2

Adoption of ATI laws

Access to Information laws

Progress has been recorded in terms of binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to access information held by public authorities. As of August 2021, 132 UN Member States have adopted constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information, with at least 22 countries adopting such guarantees since the 2030 Agenda in 2015.[1]  In 2021, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia joined the list.[2]

Number of countries with Access to Information legal guarantees
Number of countries with Access to Information legal guarantees

UN Member States that have adopted constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information (grouped based on the execution of  regional activities by UNESCO)

Europe and North America (50)Latin America and the Caribbean (25)Asia and the Pacific (27)Africa (22)Arab States (8)
AlbaniaAntigua and BarbudaAfghanistanAngolaJordan
ArmeniaArgentinaAustraliaBeninKuwait
AustriaBahamasBangladeshBurkina FasoLebanon
AzerbaijanBelize ChinaCôte d'IvoireMorocco
BelarusBolivia (Plurinational State of)Cook IslandsEthiopiaSaudi Arabia
BelgiumBrazilFiji GhanaSudan
Bosnia and HerzegovinaChileIndiaGuineaTunisia
BulgariaColombiaIndonesiaKenyaYemen
CanadaCosta RicaIran (Islamic Republic of)Liberia
CroatiaDominican RepublicJapanMalawi
CyprusEcuador KazakhstanMozambique
CzechiaEl SalvadorKyrgyzstanNiger
DenmarkGuatemalaMaldivesNigeria
EstoniaGuyanaMongoliaRwanda
FinlandHondurasNepalSeychelles
FranceJamaicaNew ZealandSierra Leone
GeorgiaMexicoPakistan South Africa
GermanyNicaraguaPalauSouth Sudan
GreecePanamaPhilippinesUganda
HungaryParaguayRepublic of KoreaUnited Republic of Tanzania
IcelandPeruSri LankaZimbabwe
IrelandSaint Kitts and NevisTajikistan
Israel[3]Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesThailand
ItalyTrinidad and TobagoTimor-Leste
LatviaUruguayUzbekistan
Liechtenstein[4]Vanuatu
LithuaniaViet Nam
Luxembourg
Malta
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Republic of Moldova
Romania
Russian Federation
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland
United States of America[5]

Respondents to UNESCO Survey on Public Access to Information

In 2021, UNESCO invited all UN Member States, including associated territories, to participate in a survey based upon on SDG Indicator 16.10.2. The survey took place between April and June 2021. As many as 102 countries, including territories, responded to the survey.[6]

 

Number of jurisdictions that responded to UNESCO survey on Public Access to Information

[1] Argentina, Bahamas, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Fiji, Ghana, Kenya, Kuwait, Lebanon, Luxembourg, Malawi, Morocco, Vanuatu, Philippines, Timor-Leste, Saudi Arabia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Togo, United Republic of Tanzania.
[2] Gambia also passed the Access to Information Bill in July 2021, yet as of the writing of this report in August 2021, the Bill has yet to be included in the official gazette, hence it has not yet included in the list. 
[3] Israel withdrew from UNESCO on 31 December 2018. 
[4] Lichtenstein is not a member of UNESCO.
[5] United States of America withdrew from UNESCO on 31 December 2018.
[6] The four territories participating in the survey were Gibraltar, Isle of Man, Jersey and Cayman Islands. Gibraltar and Cayman Islands are non-self-governing territories administrated by the United Kingdom; The Isle of Man and Jersey are internally self-governing dependencies of the British Crown, United Kingdom.