Journalists1

终止针对记者犯罪不受惩罚现象国际日

根据联合国教科文组织遇害记者观察站的数据,2006年至2020年期间,全球共有1200多名记者被杀害,其中近90%的案件仍未得到司法解决。有罪不罚会导致更多的杀戮,这也往往是冲突恶化、法律和司法系统崩溃的征兆。有罪不罚现象掩盖了严重的侵犯人权行为,由此滋生的腐败和犯罪行径将损害整个社会,联合国教科文组织对此深表担忧。各国政府、民间社会,媒体以及所有维法人员应共同努力,汇聚全球力量,为有罪不罚现象画上终点。

联合国大会深谙有罪不罚、针对记者的犯罪行为的深远影响,于是在2013年第68届会议上通过了第A/RES/68/163 号决议,将每年的11月2日定为“终止针对记者犯罪不受惩罚现象国际日”。决议敦促各成员国采取明确的措施应对当前有罪不罚的风气。之所以将此国际日选在这一天是为了纪念2013年11月2日在马里惨遭暗杀的两名法国记者。

press-journalist-woman

10th anniversary of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of journalists

To commemorate the 2022 International Day to End Impunity for Crimes against Journalists and the 10-year Anniversary of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, a Conference convened by the Austrian Minister of Foreign Affairs in collaboration with UNESCO and OHCHR will be organized on 3-4 November in Vienna, Austria.

The Conference will provide a joint multi-stakeholder reflection process on how to prevent, protect and prosecute crimes against journalists, and aims to take stock of the achievements and challenges of the past 10 years in the implementation of the UN Plan. The first day will gather civil society organizations to share lessons and best practices in the implementation of the UN Plan, and discuss strategies of tackling emerging issues. The second day a Ministerial conference will take place during which political commitment towards the implementation for the UN Plan will be renewed.
 

Regional and Thematic consultations

UNESCO is organizing a series of consultations with local stakeholders to take a stock of the progress and challenges to protect journalists in the last ten years and to strategize how to implement the Plan more effectively, building upon the success stories and the lessons learned in the specific context of each region. The consultations will inform a set of recommendations which will be presented at the Ministerial Conference in Vienna.

UNESCO Director-General's Report on the Safety of Journalists and the Danger of Impunity
10th anniversary of the UN Plan of Action on the Safety of journalists
"Journalists are essential to preserving the fundamental right to freedom of expression, set out in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. When attacks against journalists go unpunished, the legal system and safety frameworks have failed everyone."
UNESCO Director-General
Audrey Azoulay Director-General

《世界趋势报告洞察》论文的最新统计数据

联合国教科文组织在终止针对记者犯罪不受惩罚现象国际日来临之际发布的《世界趋势报告洞察》关于记者安全的文章提供了关于杀害记者和针对记者犯罪的有罪不罚现象的最新统计数据,并分析了在抗议和网络精神暴力中的记者安全趋势。
20%
Diminution of the killings of journalists

in the last 5 years (2016-2020) compared to the previous 5 years period (2011-2015).

87%
Global impunity rate for crimes against journalists

remains very high. It indicates that threats of violence against the media are on the rise.

联合国教科文组织在终止针对记者犯罪不受惩罚现象领域的工作

联合国教科文组织记者遇害案件观察站
记者安全

Publications

抗议事件报道中的记者安全 捍卫动荡时期的新闻自由
UNESCO
2020
UNESCO
0000374206

背景材料

United Nations General Assembly Resolution A/RES/68/163

on the Safety of journalists and the issue of impunity

UN website for the Day
过去的版本
教科文组织国际日