Young girl stem engineering

促进可持续发展世界工程日

4 三月

工程学一直在社会发展和人类福祉中发挥着至关重要的作用。确保子孙后代的工程师和科学家能够为本地和全球挑战设计解决方案至关重要。

联合国教科文组织大会在2019年11月第四十届会议(40 C/64)上宣布,将3月4日定为“促进可持续发展世界工程日”,以提高人们对工程在现代生活中的作用的认识。工程对于减轻气候变化的影响和促进可持续发展至关重要,非洲和小岛屿发展中国家需求尤为显著。

Engineering

尽管工程学对我们的生活和未来至关重要,但从历史上看,妇女在工程领域的代表性不足,通常只占工程技术人员的10-20%。即使在女性学习科学、技术、创新相关专业的人数增加的国家中,这种趋势也没有转化为更多的女性进入这些行业工作。太多的女生在毕业之后放弃了工程行业职业。这些障碍通常与该领域持续存在的性别陈规定型观念、政策缺失或教育环境无法满足其需求和期望有关。

教科文组织将促进工程学作为一种职业的活动,以及那些表明青年学习科学、技术、工程学和数学重要性的活动列为高度优先事项。

UNESCO Engineering Reports

UNESCO Engineering Report: Engineering for a Healthy Planet
UNESCO
ICEE
Central Compilation and Translation Press
2021

The report highlights the crucial role of engineering in achieving each of the 17 SDGs. It shows how equal opportunities for all is key to ensuring an inclusive and gender balanced profession that can better respond to the shortage of engineers for implementing the SDGs.

It provides a snapshot of the engineering innovations that are shaping our world, especially emerging technologies such as big data and AI, which are crucial for addressing the pressing challenges facing humankind and the planet.

0000375644
Engineering: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Development
UNESCO
2010

In 2010, UNESCO in partnership with the World Federation of Engineering Organizations (WFEO), the International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS) and the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC), produced the world’s first comprehensive study on engineering. The UNESCO report, Engineering: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for Development, highlights the importance of engineers to the socio-economic development of humankind. As stated in the publication, "Engineering drives social, economic and human development and underpins our knowledge societies and infrastructures. It is a major factor in innovation and indeed the rise and fall of civilizations".

Despite the importance of engineers to the improvement of global societies, there are a number of issues, most pertinent is the shortage of engineers, that need to be brought to the public’s attention and that need to be addressed by international organizations, civil societies, industries, academic institutions and national governments.

0000189753

教科文组织在工程学领域的工作

教科文组织-空客“让创意展翅高飞”合作项目
工程相关倡议
“要做到切实有效,工程学还必须讲求开放、包容与合作。正是出于这个原因,教科文组织致力于消除工程学领域的不平等现象:性别层面上,只有30%的工程师是女性;地域层面上,尤其是在非洲,那里的工程师数量低于世界上任何其他地区。”
UNESCO Director-General
Audrey Azoulay Director-General of UNESCO
下载致辞全文(PDF)
4 mars 2022
UNESCO
0000380665

Shamila Nair-Bedouelle: message for World Engineering Day for Sustainable Development 2022

2023年活动

黑客松大赛

世界工程日 24 小时直播

教科文组织圆桌会议

联合国教科文组织工程报告

在推动落实可持续发展目标的背景下,第二份联合国教科文组织工程报告《可持续发展工程:实现可持续发展目标》于3月4日发布。

报告强调了工程在实现17个可持续发展目标中分别具有的关键作用,并说明保障所有人享有平等机会是确保包容且性别平衡的工程行业,并充分发挥工程潜能的关键。

World Engineering Day

Resources

Past Edition
All International Days