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Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestra


Language: English

Gagok is a genre of traditional Korean vocal music sung by men and women to the accompaniment of a small orchestra, one of several forms of singing that together constitute jeongga, or right song. Formally a music associated with the higher classes, Gagok is today widely popular throughout the country. Gagok comprises twenty-six namchang or songs for men, and fifteen yeochang or songs for women. Namchang are characterized by strong, deep, resonant voices, while yeochang are characterized by high-pitched, thin voices. Gagok songs are composed either in a solemn, peaceful key or a melancholic one, and use 10-beat or 16-beat rhythm. The traditional instrumentation of the orchestra includes the geomungo six-string zither, daegeum bamboo transverse flute, gayageum twelve-string zither and piri (small double-reed pipe). Gagok songs are acclaimed for their lyrical patterns, balance, refined melodies and advanced musical composition. Acquiring skill as a singer takes extensive time and effort and performance requires dedication and extreme control. Gagok is preserved and transmitted by practitioners, their communities and related organizations in local heritage training centres. Gagok has played an important role in the establishment of Korean identity.


on this subject: Nomination file/ Dossier de candidature (culture.unesco.org)


Topics and Tags
Place/region: Republic of Korea, Asia and the Pacific
Series: 2010 Inscriptions on the Representative List
Type: Documentary
Duration:
Production and personalities:
Director: Jung Sung-hun
Publisher: BPlus Pictures Co
Coproducer/sponsor: Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea
Published in:
Rights: Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea
 

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Original: DVD
Location: EV only
UMVS reference: AVFONDS-CLTITH-2010-0044400003
Source ref.: DOC:0044400003 - CAND:00444
Rights holder: UNESCO ; Cultural Heritage Administration, Republic of Korea