Culture

Subject:
Intangible heritage

The Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan. ©UNESCO 2009
The Music of the Bakhshis of Khorasan

Share this content:
 
Language: English
Available, Persian
Related material that you
may also like:
Oral tradition Opens in new window
Poetry Opens in new window
String instruments

In Khorasan Province, the Bakhshis are renowned for their musical skill with the dot?r, a two-stringed, long-necked lute. They recount Islamic and Gnostic poems and epics containing mythological, historical or legendary themes. Their music, known as Maghami, consists of instrumental and/or vocal pieces, performed in Turkish, Kurdish, Turkmen and Persian. Nav?y? is the most widespread magham: diverse, vocal, rhythmless, accompanied by Gnostic poems. Other examples include the Turkish maghams Tajn?s and Ger?yel?, the religious themes of Sh?khat?y?, and Loy, an antique romantic magham, belonging to the Kormanj Kurds of Northern Khorasan. Bakhshis consider one string of the dot?r to be male and the other female; the male string remains open, while the female is used to play the main melody. Bakhshi music is passed on through traditional master-pupil training, which is restricted to male family members or neighbours, or modern methods, in which a master trains a wide range of students of both genders from diverse backgrounds. The music transmits history, culture, ethical and religious fundamentals. Therefore, the social role of the Bakhshis exceeds that of mere narrator, and defines them as judges, mediators and healers, as well as guardians of the ethnic and regional cultural heritage of their community.


on this subject: Nomination file/Dossier de candidature

Place/region: Khoasan, Iran, Southwest Asia
Series: 2010 Inscriptions on the Representative List
Type: Documentary
Duration:
Authors and personalities: Behrooz Vojdani, director ; Hamid Angaji, director.
Production: Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization, producer.
Published in:
Rights: Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization

   LICENSING: for inquiries about licensing or requests for CD/DVD copies of this material, please contact the producer or the author directly. You may also wish to consult our FAQs 6 to 9

Request embed code for your website

Find Content
(OPTIONAL) Only in:
Films
Audio recordings
OR:
Search by name of country or region
Features