Human Rights in Brazil

© UNESCO/Nelson Muchagata

Brazil promotes a vast array of actions for the advancement and defense of human rights, even though it faces enormous social and economic inequalities.

The discussion on human rights and technical and political actions related to the theme have mobilized the national media. Consequently, it has increased the Brazilian society’s awareness to extremely important issues for fostering citizenship and the respect for human rights.

Despite considerable and innovative work in promoting human rights, Brazil still has some challenges:

  • there is no expressive understanding of the universality and indivisibility of civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights.
  • there is still a large number of people who continue to encounter major difficulties in exercising their citizenship and their basic rights.

UNESCO understands that, only by mobilizing all social actors directly or indirectly involved in human rights defense, the Organization can contribute to the promotion of citizenship, to the consolidation of democracy, to the promotion of equality, and to widespread access to justice and security. Such advancements are essential in leading the country to build and strengthen a culture of human rights and a culture of peace.


Human rights education is an integral part of the right to education and is increasingly gaining recognition as a human right in itself. Knowledge of rights and freedoms is considered a fundamental tool to guarantee respect for the rights of all. UNESCO’s work in human rights education is guided by the World Programme for Human Rights Education.

Education should encompass values such as peace, non-discrimination, equality, justice, non-violence, tolerance and respect for human dignity. Quality education based on a human rights approach means that rights are implemented throughout the whole education system and in all learning environments.

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