Images of the Nation

National groups relate to specific iconic images and symbols, which were disseminated at every possible occasion and became so familiar as to be considered essential for the group’s identity. Thus, every citizen sharing the new bonds of society was also a vector of its specific image. These representations of national identity were thought of as unique and exclusive.

Images symbolizing the nation, or its historical mythological foundations, became commonplace and were made easily available to all citizens as their frequent use was encouraged by the ruling regimes. [more]

Ismail Qemali and Albanian personalities in a boat Photograph by Kel Marubi, 1912, National phototeques “Marubi”, Shkoder / National History Museum, Tirana. Departure of the Albanian delegation, headed by Ismail Qemali, Prime Minister of the interim government of Albania, for the Conference of Ambassadors in London, 1913.

The Ad-hoc Assembly of Wallachia, 1857 Lithograph after Carol Popp de Szathmari, 1857, National History Museum of Romania, Bucharest The ad-hoc assemblies in Wallachia and Moldavia had to decide the political and social organisation of the Romanian Principalities.

The Takovo Uprising Colour lithograph by Vinzenz Katzler, published by I. Gerhardt, Vienna, 1882, Historical Museum of Serbia, Belgrade The Takovo Uprising (1815) was used to celebrate Serbian independence, became a symbol of regeneration.

King Otto sending out his Aides de Camp to the liberation of the enslaved Greeks Colour lithograph poster print, published by Kentrikon Vivliopoleion, Athens, 1854, National Historical Museum, Athens. The stylized court ceremonial introduced by the Bavarian “philhellene” Prince Otto was instrumental in forming and standardizing the Greek historical self-image of today.

Croatian National Revival Painted by Vlaho Bukovac in 1895, oleography published by Petar Nikolić in Zagreb in 1905, Croatian History Museum, Zagreb The reproduction technique of oleography allowed the rapid dissemination of historicist painting in home decorations, idealizing national history and patriotism.

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