http://www.unesco.org/culture/ich/en/lists/

Lists of intangible cultural heritage and Register of best safeguarding practices









Results : 364 element(s)

The Committee meets annually to evaluate nominations proposed by States Parties to the 2003 Convention and decide whether or not to inscribe those cultural practices and expressions of intangible heritage on the Convention’s Lists.

The List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding (see criteria) is composed of intangible heritage elements that concerned communities and States Parties consider require urgent measures to keep them alive. Inscriptions on this List help to mobilize international cooperation and assistance for stakeholders to undertake appropriate safeguarding measures. During the period from 2009 to 2014, the Committee inscribed 38 elements on this List.

The Register of Best Safeguarding Practices (see criteria) contains programs, projects and activities that best reflect the principles and the objectives of the Convention. During the period from 2009 to 2014, the Committee selected 12 programmes, projects and activites for this Register.

The Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity (see criteria) is made up of those intangible heritage elements that help demonstrate the diversity of this heritage and raise awareness about its importance. In 2008 the Committee incorporated 90 elements (formerly proclaimed Masterpieces) into the Representative List and from 2009 to 2014, it inscribed 224 new elements for an overall number of 314 elements on the Representative List.

By clicking on the inscribed elements below, you can discover the nominations, photos and videos, together with Committee decisions and evidence of community consent.

201438201330201233201134201049200990200890

2014

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

Isukuti dance of Isukha and Idakho communities of Western KenyaKenya
Male-child cleansing ceremony of the Lango of central northern UgandaUganda
Mapoyo oral tradition and its symbolic reference points within their ancestral territoryVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Al-Ayyala, a traditional performing art of the Sultanate of Oman and the United Arab EmiratesOman – United Arab Emirates
Al-Zajal, recited or sung poetryLebanon
Argan, practices and know-how concerning the argan treeMorocco
Arirang folk song in the Democratic People’s Republic of KoreaDemocratic People’s Republic of Korea
Askiya, the art of witUzbekistan
Baile ChinoChile
Cante Alentejano, polyphonic singing from Alentejo, southern PortugalPortugal
Capoeira circleBrazil
Coming forth of the masks and puppets in MarkalaMali
Ebru, Turkish art of marblingTurkey
Festivity of Virgen de la Candelaria of PunoPeru
Gwoka: music, song, dance and cultural practice representative of Guadeloupean identityFrance
Kazakh traditional art of Dombra KuyKazakhstan
Know-how of cultivating mastic on the island of ChiosGreece
Kopachkata, a social dance from the village of Dramche, PijanecThe former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Lavash, the preparation, meaning and appearance of traditional bread as an expression of culture in ArmeniaArmenia
Mongolian knuckle-bone shootingMongolia
Nongak, community band music, dance and rituals in the Republic of KoreaRepublic of Korea
Practices and expressions of joking relationships in NigerNiger
Pujillay and Ayarichi, music and dances of the Yampara cultureBolivia (Plurinational State of)
Ritual and ceremonies of Sebeïba in the oasis of Djanet, AlgeriaAlgeria
Ritual dance of the royal drumBurundi
Slava, celebration of family saint patron’s daySerbia
Smoke sauna tradition in VõromaaEstonia
Tchopa, sacrificial dance of the Lhomwe people of southern MalawiMalawi
The tradition of carpet-making in ChiprovskiBulgaria
Traditional agricultural practice of cultivating the ‘vite ad alberello’ (head-trained bush vines) of the community of PantelleriaItaly
Traditional art and symbolism of Kelaghayi, making and wearing women’s silk headscarvesAzerbaijan
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil making among the Thatheras of Jandiala Guru, Punjab, IndiaIndia
Traditional knowledge and skills in making Kyrgyz and Kazakh yurts (Turkic nomadic dwellings)Kazakhstan – Kyrgyzstan
Traditional Mauritian SegaMauritius
Ví and Giặm folk songs of Nghệ TĩnhViet Nam
Washi, craftsmanship of traditional Japanese hand-made paperJapan
Zmijanje embroideryBosnia and Herzegovina

Best safeguarding practices

Safeguarding the carillon culture: preservation, transmission, exchange and awareness-raisingBelgium

2013

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

Chovqan, a traditional Karabakh horse-riding game in the Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan
Empaako tradition of the Batooro, Banyoro, Batuku, Batagwenda and Banyabindi of western UgandaUganda
Mongolian calligraphyMongolia
Paach ceremonyGuatemala

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Ancient Georgian traditional Qvevri wine-making methodGeorgia
Annual pilgrimage to the mausoleum of Sidi ‘Abd el-Qader Ben Mohammed (Sidi Cheikh)Algeria
Art of Đờn ca tài tử music and song in southern Viet NamViet Nam
Celebrations of big shoulder-borne processional structuresItaly
Chinese Zhusuan, knowledge and practices of mathematical calculation through the abacusChina
Círio de Nazaré (The Taper of Our Lady of Nazareth) in the city of Belém, ParáBrazil
Commemoration feast of the finding of the True Holy Cross of ChristEthiopia
Feast of the Holy Forty Martyrs in ŠtipThe former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Kimjang, making and sharing kimchi in the Republic of KoreaRepublic of Korea
Knowledge, skills and rituals related to the annual renewal of the Q’eswachaka bridgePeru
Kyrgyz epic trilogy: Manas, Semetey, SeytekKyrgyzstan
La Parranda de San Pedro de Guarenas y GuatireVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Limousin septennial ostensionsFrance
Mediterranean dietCyprus – Croatia – Spain – Greece – Italy – Morocco – Portugal
Men’s group Colindat, Christmas-time ritualRomania – Republic of Moldova
Music of TerchováSlovakia
Petrykivka decorative painting as a phenomenon of the Ukrainian ornamental folk artUkraine
Practices and knowledge linked to the Imzad of the Tuareg communities of Algeria, Mali and NigerAlgeria – Mali – Niger
Sankirtana, ritual singing, drumming and dancing of ManipurIndia
Shrimp fishing on horseback in OostduinkerkeBelgium
Traditional art of Jamdani weavingBangladesh
Traditional craftsmanship of the Mongol Ger and its associated customsMongolia
Turkish coffee culture and traditionTurkey
Washoku, traditional dietary cultures of the Japanese, notably for the celebration of New YearJapan
Xooy, a divination ceremony among the Serer of Senegal Senegal

Best safeguarding practices

Methodology for inventorying intangible cultural heritage in biosphere reserves: the experience of MontsenySpain

2012

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

Ala-kiyiz and Shyrdak, art of Kyrgyz traditional felt carpetsKyrgyzstan
Bigwala, gourd trumpet music and dance of the Busoga Kingdom in UgandaUganda
Earthenware pottery-making skills in Botswana’s Kgatleng DistrictBotswana
Noken multifunctional knotted or woven bag, handcraft of the people of PapuaIndonesia

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Al ‘azi, elegy, processional march and poetryOman
Al-Taghrooda, traditional Bedouin chanted poetry in the United Arab Emirates and the Sultanate of OmanUnited Arab Emirates – Oman
Arirang, lyrical folk song in the Republic of KoreaRepublic of Korea
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in the trans-Himalayan Ladakh region, Jammu and Kashmir, IndiaIndia
Cherry festival in SefrouMorocco
Craftsmanship and performance art of the Tar, a long-necked string musical instrumentAzerbaijan
Craftsmanship of Horezu ceramicsRomania
Cultural practices and expressions linked to the balafon of the Senufo communities of Mali, Burkina Faso and Côte d'IvoireMali – Burkina Faso – Côte d'Ivoire
Falconry, a living human heritageUnited Arab Emirates – Austria – Belgium – Czech Republic – France – Hungary – Republic of Korea – Mongolia – Morocco – Qatar – Saudi Arabia – Spain – Syrian Arab Republic
Fest-Noz, festive gathering based on the collective practice of traditional dances of BrittanyFrance
Festival of Saint Francis of Assisi, QuibdóColombia
Fiesta of the patios in CordovaSpain
Folk art of the Matyó, embroidery of a traditional communityHungary
Frevo, performing arts of the Carnival of RecifeBrazil
Ichapekene Piesta, the biggest festival of San Ignacio de Moxos Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Klapa multipart singing of Dalmatia, southern CroatiaCroatia
Marches of Entre-Sambre-et-MeuseBelgium
Mesir Macunu festivalTurkey
Nachi no Dengaku, a religious performing art held at the Nachi fire festivalJapan
Performance of the Armenian epic of 'Daredevils of Sassoun' or 'David of Sassoun'Armenia
Qālišuyān rituals of Mašhad-e Ardehāl in KāšānIran (Islamic Republic of)
Rites and craftsmanship associated with the wedding costume tradition of TlemcenAlgeria
Schemenlaufen, the carnival of Imst, AustriaAustria
Traditional violin craftsmanship in CremonaItaly
Traditional weaving of the Ecuadorian toquilla straw hatEcuador
Venezuela's Dancing Devils of Corpus ChristiVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Worship of Hùng kings in Phú ThọViet Nam

Best safeguarding practices

Strategy for training coming generations of Fujian puppetry practitioners China
Xtaxkgakget Makgkaxtlawana: the Centre for Indigenous Arts and its contribution to safeguarding the intangible cultural heritage of the Totonac people of Veracruz, MexicoMexico

2011

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

Al Sadu, traditional weaving skills in the United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates
Eshuva, Harákmbut sung prayers of Peru’s Huachipaire peoplePeru
Folk long song performance technique of Limbe performances - circular breathingMongolia
Hezhen Yimakan storytellingChina
Moorish epic T’heydinnMauritania
Naqqāli, Iranian dramatic story-tellingIran (Islamic Republic of)
Saman danceIndonesia
Secret society of the Kôrêdugaw, the rite of wisdom in MaliMali
Traditional skills of building and sailing Iranian Lenj boats in the Persian GulfIran (Islamic Republic of)
Xoan singing of Phú Thọ Province, Viet Nam Viet Nam
Yaokwa, the Enawene Nawe people's ritual for the maintenance of social and cosmic orderBrazil

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Bećarac singing and playing from Eastern CroatiaCroatia
Ceremonial Keşkek traditionTurkey
Chinese shadow puppetryChina
Equitation in the French traditionFrance
Fado, urban popular song of PortugalPortugal
Festivity of ‘la Mare de Déu de la Salut’ of AlgemesíSpain
Jultagi, tightrope walkingRepublic of Korea
Leuven age set ritual repertoireBelgium
Mariachi, string music, song and trumpetMexico
Mibu no Hana Taue, ritual of transplanting rice in Mibu, HiroshimaJapan
Nijemo Kolo, silent circle dance of the Dalmatian hinterlandCroatia
Pilgrimage to the sanctuary of the Lord of Qoyllurit’iPeru
Ride of the Kings in the south-east of the Czech RepublicCzech Republic
Sada Shin Noh, sacred dancing at Sada shrine, ShimaneJapan
Taekkyeon, a traditional Korean martial artRepublic of Korea
Traditional knowledge of the jaguar shamans of YuruparíColombia
Tsiattista poetic duellingCyprus
Weaving of Mosi (fine ramie) in the Hansan regionRepublic of Korea

Best safeguarding practices

Call for projects of the National Programme of Intangible HeritageBrazil
Fandango's Living MuseumBrazil
Programme of cultivating ludodiversity: safeguarding traditional games in FlandersBelgium
Revitalization of the traditional craftsmanship of lime-making in Morón de la Frontera, Seville, AndalusiaSpain
Táncház method: a Hungarian model for the transmission of intangible cultural heritageHungary

2010

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

MeshrepChina
Ojkanje singingCroatia
Watertight-bulkhead technology of Chinese junksChina
Wooden movable-type printing of ChinaChina

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Aalst carnivalBelgium
Acupuncture and moxibustion of traditional Chinese medicineChina
Al-Bar’ah, music and dance of Oman Dhofari valleysOman
Armenian cross-stones art. Symbolism and craftsmanship of KhachkarsArmenia
Chant of the Sybil on MajorcaSpain
Chhau danceIndia
Compagnonnage, network for on-the-job transmission of knowledge and identitiesFrance
Craftsmanship of Alençon needle lace-makingFrance
Daemokjang, traditional wooden architectureRepublic of Korea
FlamencoSpain
Gagok, lyric song cycles accompanied by an orchestraRepublic of Korea
Gastronomic meal of the FrenchFrance
Gingerbread craft from Northern CroatiaCroatia
Gióng festival of Phù Ðông and Sóc templesViet Nam
Hopping procession of EchternachLuxembourg
Houtem Jaarmarkt, annual winter fair and livestock market at Sint-Lievens-HoutemBelgium
Huaconada, ritual dance of MitoPeru
Human towersSpain
Indonesian AngklungIndonesia
Kalbelia folk songs and dances of RajasthanIndia
Kırkpınar oil wrestling festivalTurkey
Krakelingen and Tonnekensbrand, end-of-winter bread and fire feast at GeraardsbergenBelgium
Kumiodori, traditional Okinawan musical theatreJapan
Marimba music and traditional chants from Colombia’s South Pacific regionColombia
Mongolian traditional art of KhöömeiMongolia
Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of KeralaIndia
Music of the Bakhshis of KhorasanIran (Islamic Republic of)
Naadam, Mongolian traditional festivalMongolia
Pahlevani and Zoorkhanei ritualsIran (Islamic Republic of)
Parachicos in the traditional January feast of Chiapa de CorzoMexico
Peking operaChina
Pirekua, traditional song of the P’urhépechaMexico
Ritual dramatic art of Ta‘zīyeIran (Islamic Republic of)
Scissors dancePeru
Semah, Alevi-Bektaşi ritualTurkey
Shrovetide door-to-door processions and masks in the villages of the Hlinecko areaCzech Republic
Sinjska Alka, a knights’ tournament in SinjCroatia
Sutartinės, Lithuanian multipart songsLithuania
Traditional art of Azerbaijani carpet weaving in the Republic of AzerbaijanAzerbaijan
Traditional Mexican cuisine - ancestral, ongoing community culture, the Michoacán paradigmMexico
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in FarsIran (Islamic Republic of)
Traditional skills of carpet weaving in KashanIran (Islamic Republic of)
Traditional Sohbet meetingsTurkey
Wayuu normative system, applied by the Pütchipü’üi (palabrero)Colombia
Yuki-tsumugi, silk fabric production techniqueJapan

2009

List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding

Ca trù singingViet Nam
Cantu in paghjella, a secular and liturgical oral tradition of CorsicaFrance
Mongol Biyelgee, Mongolian traditional folk danceMongolia
Mongol Tuuli, Mongolian epicMongolia
Qiang New Year festivalChina
Rite of the Kalyady Tsars (Christmas Tsars)Belarus
Sanké mon, collective fishing rite of the SankéMali
Suiti cultural spaceLatvia
Traditional design and practices for building Chinese wooden arch bridgesChina
Traditional Li textile techniques: spinning, dyeing, weaving and embroideringChina
Traditional music of the TsuurMongolia
Traditions and practices associated with the Kayas in the sacred forests of the MijikendaKenya

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Akiu no Taue OdoriJapan
Annual carnival bell ringers’ pageant from the Kastav areaCroatia
Art of Azerbaijani AshiqAzerbaijan
Art of Chinese seal engravingChina
Âşıklık (minstrelsy) traditionTurkey
Aubusson tapestryFrance
Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival customHungary
Candombe and its socio-cultural space: a community practiceUruguay
Carnaval de Negros y BlancosColombia
ChakkirakoJapan
CheoyongmuRepublic of Korea
China engraved block printing techniqueChina
Chinese calligraphyChina
Chinese paper-cutChina
Chinese traditional architectural craftsmanship for timber-framed structuresChina
Craftsmanship of Nanjing Yunjin brocadeChina
DaimokutateJapan
Dainichido BugakuJapan
DoinaRomania
Dragon Boat festivalChina
Farmers’ dance of China’s Korean ethnic groupChina
Festivity of Saint Blaise, the patron of DubrovnikCroatia
GagakuJapan
GanggangsullaeRepublic of Korea
Gesar epic traditionChina
Grand song of the Dong ethnic groupChina
Hayachine KaguraJapan
Hitachi FuryumonoJapan
Holy Week processions in PopayánColombia
Hua’erChina
Ijele masqueradeNigeria
Indonesian BatikIndonesia
Irrigators’ tribunals of the Spanish Mediterranean coast: the Council of Wise Men of the plain of Murcia and the Water Tribunal of the plain of ValenciaSpain
Jeju Chilmeoridang YeongdeunggutRepublic of Korea
KaragözTurkey
Katta AshulaUzbekistan
Koshikijima no ToshidonJapan
Lacemaking in CroatiaCroatia
Lefkara laces or LefkaritikaCyprus
MaloyaFrance
ManasChina
Manden Charter, proclaimed in Kurukan FugaMali
Mazu belief and customsChina
Mongolian art of singing, KhoomeiChina
Namsadang NoriRepublic of Korea
NanyinChina
Nestinarstvo, messages from the past: the Panagyr of Saints Constantine and Helena in the village of BulgariBulgaria
Novruz, Nowrouz, Nooruz, Navruz, Nauroz, NevruzAzerbaijan – India – Iran (Islamic Republic of) – Kyrgyzstan – Pakistan – Turkey – Uzbekistan
Ojiya-chijimi, Echigo-jofu: techniques of making ramie fabric in Uonuma region, Niigata PrefectureJapan
Oku-noto no AenokotoJapan
Places of memory and living traditions of the Otomí-Chichimecas people of Tolimán: the Peña de Bernal, guardian of a sacred territoryMexico
Procession of the Holy Blood in BrugesBelgium
Procession Za Krizen (‘following the cross’) on the island of HvarCroatia
Quan Họ Bắc Ninh folk songsViet Nam
Radif of Iranian musicIran (Islamic Republic of)
Ramman, religious festival and ritual theatre of the Garhwal Himalayas, IndiaIndia
Regong artsChina
Ritual ceremony of the VoladoresMexico
Scribing tradition in French timber framingFrance
Septennial re-roofing ceremony of the Kamablon, sacred house of KangabaMali
Sericulture and silk craftsmanship of ChinaChina
Seto Leelo, Seto polyphonic singing traditionEstonia
Spring procession of Ljelje/Kraljice (queens) from GorjaniCroatia
TangoArgentina – Uruguay
Tibetan operaChina
Traditional Ainu danceJapan
Traditional firing technology of Longquan celadonChina
Traditional handicrafts of making Xuan paperChina
Traditional manufacturing of children’s wooden toys in Hrvatsko ZagorjeCroatia
Two-part singing and playing in the Istrian scaleCroatia
Whistled language of the island of La Gomera (Canary Islands), the Silbo GomeroSpain
Xi’an wind and percussion ensembleChina
Yamahoko, the float ceremony of the Kyoto Gion festivalJapan
YeongsanjaeRepublic of Korea
Yueju operaChina

Best safeguarding practices

Centre for traditional culture – school museum of Pusol pedagogic projectSpain
Education and training in Indonesian Batik intangible cultural heritage for elementary, junior, senior, vocational school and polytechnic students, in collaboration with the Batik Museum in PekalonganIndonesia
Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage of Aymara communities in Bolivia, Chile and PeruBolivia (Plurinational State of) – Chile – Peru

2008

Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Ahellil of GouraraAlgeria
Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah epicEgypt
Albanian folk iso-polyphonyAlbania
Andean cosmovision of the KallawayaBolivia (Plurinational State of)
Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz epic tellersKyrgyzstan
Arts of the Meddah, public storytellersTurkey
Azerbaijani MughamAzerbaijan
Baltic song and dance celebrationsEstonia – Latvia – Lithuania
Barkcloth making in UgandaUganda
Baul songsBangladesh
Bistritsa Babi, archaic polyphony, dances and rituals from the Shoplouk regionBulgaria
Căluş ritualRomania
Canto a tenore, Sardinian pastoral songsItaly
Carnival of BarranquillaColombia
Carnival of BincheBelgium
Carnival of OruroBolivia (Plurinational State of)
Chopi TimbilaMozambique
Cocolo dance drama traditionDominican Republic
Cross-crafting and its symbolismLithuania
Cultural space and oral culture of the SemeiskieRussian Federation
Cultural space of Boysun DistrictUzbekistan
Cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna SquareMorocco
Cultural space of Palenque de San BasilioColombia
Cultural space of Sosso-BalaGuinea
Cultural space of the Bedu in Petra and Wadi RumJordan
Cultural space of the Brotherhood of the Holy Spirit of the Congos of Villa MellaDominican Republic
Cultural space of the Yaaral and DegalMali
Darangen epic of the Maranao people of Lake LanaoPhilippines
Duduk and its musicArmenia
El GüegüenseNicaragua
Fujara and its musicSlovakia
Gangneung Danoje festivalRepublic of Korea
Gbofe of Afounkaha, the music of the transverse trumps of the Tagbana communityCôte d'Ivoire
Georgian polyphonic singingGeorgia
Gule WamkuluMalawi – Mozambique – Zambia
Guqin and its musicChina
Hudhud chants of the IfugaoPhilippines
Ifa divination systemNigeria
Indigenous festivity dedicated to the deadMexico
Indonesian KrisIndonesia
Iraqi MaqamIraq
Kabuki theatreJapan
Kankurang, Manding initiatory riteGambia – Senegal
Kihnu cultural spaceEstonia
Kun Qu operaChina
Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatreIndia
La Tumba FrancesaCuba
Lakalaka, dances and sung speeches of TongaTonga
Language, dance and music of the GarifunaBelize – Guatemala – Honduras – Nicaragua
Mak Yong theatreMalaysia
Makishi masqueradeZambia
Maroon heritage of Moore TownJamaica
Mask dance of the drums from DrametseBhutan
Mbende Jerusarema danceZimbabwe
Mevlevi Sema ceremonyTurkey
Moussem of Tan-TanMorocco
Mystery play of ElcheSpain
Nha Nhac, Vietnamese court musicViet Nam
Ningyo Johruri Bunraku puppet theatreJapan
Nôgaku theatreJapan
Olonkho, Yakut heroic eposRussian Federation
Opera dei Pupi, Sicilian puppet theatreItaly
Oral and graphic expressions of the WajapiBrazil
Oral heritage and cultural manifestations of the Zápara peopleEcuador – Peru
Oral heritage of GeledeBenin – Nigeria – Togo
Oxherding and oxcart traditions in Costa RicaCosta Rica
Palestinian HikayePalestine
Pansori epic chantRepublic of Korea
Patum of BergaSpain
Polyphonic singing of the Aka Pygmies of Central AfricaCentral African Republic
Processional giants and dragons in Belgium and FranceBelgium – France
Rabinal Achí dance drama traditionGuatemala
Ramlila, the traditional performance of the RamayanaIndia
Royal ancestral ritual in the Jongmyo shrine and its musicRepublic of Korea
Royal ballet of CambodiaCambodia
Samba de Roda of the Recôncavo of BahiaBrazil
Sbek Thom, Khmer shadow theatreCambodia
Shashmaqom musicUzbekistan – Tajikistan
Slovácko Verbuňk, recruit dancesCzech Republic
Song of Sana’aYemen
Space of gong cultureViet Nam
Taquile and its textile artPeru
Tradition of Vedic chantingIndia
Traditional music of the Morin KhuurMongolia
Urtiin Duu, traditional folk long songMongolia – China
Uyghur Muqam of XinjiangChina
Vanuatu sand drawingsVanuatu
Vimbuza healing danceMalawi
Wayang puppet theatreIndonesia
Woodcrafting knowledge of the ZafimaniryMadagascar