Drinking vessel in Kura statue form
Ceramic production is one of the oldest professions in the Ancient Near East. Many kinds of ceramic decoration existed. One of the most luxurious is green-glazed ceramic. The pottery jar was shaped in a mold and then decorated elements were carved onto it and then the jar is dipped into the green-tinted glaze.
The places which were first famous for this kind of ceramic are Alexandria in Egypt and Izmir in Asia Minor. Subsequently the art spread to Syria and Mesopotamia.
This is clearly one of the most beautiful examples of this kind of ceramic. It is a figuratively sculpted drinking vessel (jug) which takes the form of the goddess Kura, daughter of the Earth Goddess Demeter. Her beauty is exemplified by the symmetry and naturalness of her face, her curls of hair and her dress which thinly drapes her shoulders. The opening of the jar is designed as a vertical protrusion rising from the top of her head.