"Each part of the world recapitulates, shares in and experiences the history of the world as a whole"
Fernand Braudel

Statue of Venus

Venus is the Roman goddess of love, beauty, charm and attraction. For the Greeks, she is called Aphrodite. The Romans called her the goddess Venus and believed she was born from the foam of the Mediterranean Sea and swept to the coasts of Cyprus by chance. She is the goddess of fertility of all creations. Archaeologists believe that her cult originated from the ancient Eastern sacred traditions, where the power of fertility and love is represented by the ancient Syrian deity, the goddess Ashtar. Venus usually appears as a naked female figure during the Roman age, the artists created her in a natural pose, usually naked or covered with a piece of textile.

Her appearance in works of art is also usually connected with her baby Cupid, who strikes love in the hearts of human beings with strike of his arrows. Statues of Venus have been found in different places in Syria: Damascus, Homs, al-Rastan, Hamah, Khesfin and Salkhad. The example presented here is a naked Venus in contrapposto pose standing on a circular base. Curiously, archaeologists of excavations throughout Syria have yet to find a temple dedicated to the goddess Venus.

It seems these relatively small figurines had been produced in response to private worship.

see also