Strong commercial contacts existed throughout the Mediterranean during the 2nd millennium BC. It was clearly distinguished between the Syrian Coast and the Egyptian Coast. Cedar wood, oils, tar and copper molds were exported to Egypt, while alabaster, ivory and gold vessels were imported to Syria. This movement was not restricted to the coastline cities but also extended inland, including the ancient Syrian cities of Ebla, al-Mushrefeh and others.
Ceramic production is a deeply rooted industry in this region. There are many examples of ceramic from Ugarit indicating the progress of this profession. The example presented here is a ceramic plate with black decorations painted under a turquoise blue glaze. It is one of the oldest kinds of ceramic. The underglaze painting features a pair of fish, each carrying a lotus-bud. The middle of the plate is drawn with two lotus flowers.
This dish was made in Egypt and was exported to Ugarit. There are other similar examples made by local industry, whereby Ugarit is considered an important center of monochrome and polychrome ceramic production.