"Each part of the world recapitulates, shares in and experiences the history of the world as a whole"
Fernand Braudel

Royal seal matrix

datation
Second half of the 2nd millennium BC
provenance
Ugarit
area
period
materials
themes

It is a matrix of a royal Hittite seal made of steatite. It has a lenticular form and it is inscribed in the Hittite Hieroglyphic writing with the name of the Hittite King Mursil II (1345-1320 BC).

The cuneiform text reads as follows: "Seal of Mursil the Great, king of the monarch of the city of Hattie, lover of the god 'Amzi (storm deity), son of the King Shubbiluliuma, the great king, the monarch of the countries of Hatti, the hero".

The discovery of this Hittite royal seal in Ugarit indicates the strong relations between the royal court of Ugarit and that of the Hittites. The usage of the cuneiform Akkadian-Babylonian writing as well as the hieroglyphic-Hittite writing on the same seal indicates a diplomatic function. The Akkadian-Babylonian language is often used as the formal language of diplomacy in the Ancient orient.

see also