A research mission under the aegis of UNESCO exploring one of the biggest coral reefs in the world, off the coast of Tahiti.

故事

珊瑚礁:脆弱世界的年代史

照片:亚历克西斯·罗森菲尔德Alexis Rosenfeld
文字:卡特琳娜·马尔可洛娃(Katerina Markelova,联合国教科文组织

这是世界上最大、最深的珊瑚礁之一,它的“花朵”和“花边”在海下绵延近3公里。虽然这处水下宝藏早已为当地渔民所知,但其范围之广却出人意料。2021年,在联合国教科文组织的支持下,法国探险家兼摄影师亚历克西斯·罗森菲尔德(Alexis Rosenfeld)进行了一次潜水探险,让我们能欣赏到这一景观的罕见照片。

这个珊瑚礁没有像大多数同类一样受到白化现象的影响。自19世纪70年代以来,将近一半的珊瑚生态系统已经因气候变化、过度捕捞和污染而消失。即使是幸存下来的那些,也有三分之一濒临灭亡。

以上数据只是个估计值,因为人们至今只对20%的海床进行了测绘。为此,联合国教科文组织承诺,到2030年绘制至少80%的海底地图。随着我们对海床认识的加深,也许终有一天,我们会发现更多能够适应不断上升的海洋温度的生态系统。

The French explorer and photographer Alexis Rosenfeld, founder of the 1 Ocean campaign carried out in partnership with UNESCO to raise public awareness on the need to preserve the ocean.
The French explorer and photographer Alexis Rosenfeld, founder of the 1 Ocean campaign carried out in partnership with UNESCO to raise public awareness on the need to preserve the ocean.
In order to capture light, rare at over 30 metres depth, the corals of this reef open like rose petals.
In order to capture light, rare at over 30 metres depth, the corals of this reef open like rose petals.
The Maldives archipelago. Two carnivorous starfish Acanthaster planci devour a coral colony. This species is today the main natural cause of the disappearance of corals.
The Maldives archipelago. Two carnivorous starfish Acanthaster planci devour a coral colony. This species is today the main natural cause of the disappearance of corals.
 Natural Park of the Coral Sea in New Caledonia, France. While clinging onto gorgonians, crinoids capture plankton with the help of their long flexible arms. This species has inhabited the ocean for about 500 million years.
Natural Park of the Coral Sea in New Caledonia, France. While clinging onto gorgonians, crinoids capture plankton with the help of their long flexible arms. This species has inhabited the ocean for about 500 million years.
These coral trees are deployed by scientists from the French laboratory CNRS-CRIOBE off the coast of Moorea (French Polynesia) to study the effects of global warming on corals.
These coral trees are deployed by scientists from the French laboratory CNRS-CRIOBE off the coast of Moorea (French Polynesia) to study the effects of global warming on corals.
The sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor is often inhabited by clownfish. Here, in the Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in the Philippines.
The sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor is often inhabited by clownfish. Here, in the Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in the Philippines.
The Gambier Islands in French Polynesia. The lagoon of Rikitea is home to an impressive colony of mushroom corals (Fungia scruposa) capable of moving.
The Gambier Islands in French Polynesia. The lagoon of Rikitea is home to an impressive colony of mushroom corals (Fungia scruposa) capable of moving.
A salp colony in the Mediterranean. The life cycle of this species has two phases: the first one is solitary and characterised by an asexual reproduction. The second one is collective, with reproduction becoming sexual.
A salp colony in the Mediterranean. The life cycle of this species has two phases: the first one is solitary and characterised by an asexual reproduction. The second one is collective, with reproduction becoming sexual.
A plastic bag stuck to the pectoral fin of this long-snouted dolphin (Stenella longirostris). Nondegradable waste makes up a real threat to marine fauna.
A plastic bag stuck to the pectoral fin of this long-snouted dolphin (Stenella longirostris). Nondegradable waste makes up a real threat to marine fauna.
The Aeolian Islands (Italy) in the Mediterranean. The Smoking Land is an underwater zone discovered in 2018 between the islands of Panarea and Basiluzzo. It consists of more than two hundred volcanic conduits that emit gas-rich acidic fluids.
The Aeolian Islands (Italy) in the Mediterranean. The Smoking Land is an underwater zone discovered in 2018 between the islands of Panarea and Basiluzzo. It consists of more than two hundred volcanic conduits that emit gas-rich acidic fluids.
Tahití, en la Polinesia Francesa. Los tiburones grises de arrecife (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) viven en grupo durante el día y se separan solo para cazar cuando cae la noche.
Tahiti in French Polynesia. The grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) lives in shivers during the day. These shivers only separate to chase during the night.
A hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the waters of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in the Philippines.
A hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the waters of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in the Philippines.
Erupción de sulfuro de hidrógeno en el corazón de la caldera de Panarea, una de las islas Eólicas, frente a las costas de Sicilia, en Italia. Esta zona del Mediterráneo presenta una importante actividad volcánica.
A hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the waters of Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in the Philippines.
The Mayotte Marine Natural Park (France) in the Indian Ocean. A real link between land and the ocean, the mangrove dampens waves and serves as a natural filter.
The Mayotte Marine Natural Park (France) in the Indian Ocean. A real link between land and the ocean, the mangrove dampens waves and serves as a natural filter.
翻译连接世界
UNESCO
2022年第2期
UNESCO
0000381067